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A. Background

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) targets an average growth rate in agricultural production of at least 6 percent per year, which has been estimated to translate to a total factor productivity (TFP) growth of at least 4.4% per year (FARA, 2006). This is an uphill task given that documented average TFP growths in SSA over the period 1985 – 2008 are invariably below 1% per year (Fuglie and Rada, 2013).

TFP growth results from technical change and/or efficiency gains from managerial innovations permitting more production with less input and captures how much is obtained out of a given combination of land, labor, capital and materials. Since labor and capital inputs tend to be shared across multiple commodities in the production process, assessing TFP growth at the commodity level is often limited mainly to examining land yield trends and yield gaps are important as they help to inform projections of future crop yields for different regions. The Global Yield Gap Atlas initiative has completed comprehensive cereal yield gap assessments in a number of countries in sub-Sahara Africa including Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zambia.

B. Objectives of this assignment

ASARECA, in collaboration with FARA and other partners, with support from the European Union under the Africa Human Capital in Science, Technology and Agri-preneurship for Food Security Framework (AHC-STAFF) initiative, are seeking consultancy services for interpreting the existing GYGA data in Ethiopia, with the aim of determining the capacity constraints. The successful completion of the assignment will elucidate the key techno-economic and social factors responsible for the identified cereal yield gaps in Ethiopia, and also identify pertinent action measures (especially in terms of human and institutional capacities) to bridge the gaps.

C. Scope of Work

The consultants will be expected to liaise with the lead consultant but specifically:

  1. Document the methods and all data that have been used for the yield gap assessment under the Global Yield Gap Analysis initiative in Ethiopia, including the model calibration and a qualification of the quality of the different data sources.
  2. Provide a concise interpretation and comprehensive biophysical analysis of the Ethiopia map, including a ranking of production areas by degree of risk to rain-fed yields when good management is used.
  3. Exhaustively discuss the data outlining the perceived constraints at farmer, extension, research, education, policy and other relevant stakeholder support levels to bridging the yield gaps. This may also include benchmarking with best practices elsewhere. A futuristic prognostication of desirable and likely changes in farming systems and technology scenarios to bridge the gaps as well as related human and institutional capacity development issues should, to the extent possible, be included in this section
  4. Produce a report containing a conceived framework for addressing the identified capacity gaps for bridging the yield gaps.
  5. Present the report to a stakeholders’ workshop.

D. Outputs or Deliverables

The following will be the expected deliverables:

  1. An inception report detailing the consultant’s understanding of the assignment, a time-bound work plan and methodologies to be applied.
  2. An interpretive country draft report on the cereal yield gaps
  3. A Power Point presentation to a national stakeholders workshop
  4. A final interpretive validated country report on the cereal yield gaps, incorporating stakeholder comments

E.     Duration of the Assignment

An inception report must be presented to ASARECA by 31st March 2016. The draft report must reach ASARECA by 30th April 2016. The deadline for submission of the final report will be agreed upon between ASARECA and the consultant, depending on the appropriate time for the National validation workshop. The consultant will be expected to hold consultations and work with the AHC-STAFF National implementation team in Ethiopia.

F. Qualification and Experience

ASARECA is looking for an individual with the following qualifications and experience:

  1. Minimum of an MSc but preferably a PhD degree in economics, applied statistics, agricultural economics, or development studies
  2. Have over 15 years professional or post-PhD/MSc experience, with evidence (publications or testimonials) of similar econometric studies undertaken
  3. Demonstrate a thorough understanding of the current African agricultural development agenda (e.g. the CAADP country processes) FARA, and the sub-regional organizations , specifically ASARECA
  4. Be conversant the Global Yield Gap Atlas (GYGA) and their activities in Eastern Africa. Previous participation in GYGA assessments will be an added advantage.
  5. Be hands-on with quantitative techniques of (e.g. social) data analysis
  6. Have demonstrable ability to write concise technical papers and synthesis reports

G. Applications

Interested individuals are required to send their technical and financial proposals via email to:

The Procurement and Contracting Officer

ASARECA Secretariat

P. O. Box 765, Entebbe




A comprehensive profile and CV must be presented in the technical proposal. For any further clarification, you may contact the Head, Partnership and Capacity Development on

Closing date: 15th March 2016



Annex 1: Guidelines for report writing


The report should conform to the following general guidelines:

  1. The report should be a maximum of 50 pages, inclusive of figures, tables, and annexes.
  2. The global format should be as follows:
    1. An executive summary of methodology, main findings, conclusions and recommendations on the perceived framework for addressing the inherent capacity issues, especially human capacity. Maximum 3 pages.
    2. An introductory section briefly outlining the country context, an overview of related studies and data, ending with a statement of the objectives for the assignment. Maximum 7 pages.
    3. A clear outline of the methodology used in GYGA study in Ethiopia. Maximum 4 pages.
    4. Main findings from the GYGA study tabulating data. Results tables on yield gaps may be structured as follows: (Maximum 30 pages)






Potential (kg/ha)

Actual (kg/ha)

Gap (kg/ha)

Potential (kg/ha)

Actual (kg/ha)

Gap (kg/ha)

Potential (kg/ha)

Actual (kg/ha)

Gap (kg/ha)


Commodity 1











Commodity 2











Commodity 3

































  1. Attendant discussions of data outlining the main constraints at farmer, extension, research, education, policy and other stakeholder support levels to bridging the yield gaps. This section may also include benchmarking with best practice elsewhere. A futuristic prognostication of desirable and likely changes in farming systems and technological scenarios to bridge the gaps as well as related human capacity development issues will also be in order. Maximum 10 pages.
  2. A section on conclusions and recommendations. Maximum 3 pages.
  3. Bibliography. Maximum 3 pages.
  4. Annexes. Maximum 4 pages.


Start Date: 
Tue, 2016-03-01 12:45
Tue, 2016-03-15 16:45
Date Published: 
Tuesday, 01 March 2016