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Projects

establishment of a genetic transformation platform for cassava in the eca

Project Code:  P033-08-P4-01-001

Goal           
Enhanced productivity, value-added and competitiveness of cassava in the Eastern and central African region

Purpose     
Enhanced utilization of cassava transformation technologies to provide improved cassava in the ECA

Project Background/Rationale 
Over 30 million tons of cassava is produced annually in the ASARECA region, which is more than any other staple food crop grown in the region, including banana and maize. Cassava’s ability to produce food under marginal conditions has made it a popular crop among poor farmers for purposes of food security. On average, between 1961 and 1999, the value of cassava production (over $2 billion annually) was the highest among all crops produced in the ASARECA region (IFPRI, 2001). 

Diseases and pests are responsible for the dramatic reduction of cassava harvests, cutting yields to less than half their potential.  For example, while cassava yields are only 9 tons per hectare in ASARECA region, in India, the yields are averaged at 25 tons per hectare.  Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) are currently the most important constraints affecting cassava production in the ASARECA countries.  The geminiviruses African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and the “Ugandan variant” of East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV-UG) are the original viruses causing CMD. The current pandemic of CMD devastating cassava production in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, and other countries is however associated with the more virulent EACMV-UG. On the other hand, the causal virus of CBSD is a potyvirus Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV). All these viruses are transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci.

Researchers at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center (DDPSC) in the United States have used genetic engineering to introduce genes that confer resistance to CMD into cassava. This is a potential solution to the CMD problem.  Several lines of transgenic cassava produced at DDPSC have undergone testing in greenhouses and demonstrated high levels of resistance to CMD.  These lines will soon be ready for testing the efficacy of the genes in the field in the ASARECA region. The Kenya Agricultural Research Organisation (KARI), the National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO) and Mikocheni Agricultural Research Organisation (MARI) have established collaborative linkages with the DDPSC and have all participated in the process of developing the transgenic cassava lines in the US. The long term aim is to improve farmer preferred but highly susceptible local cassava cultivars by introducing CMD resistance genes while retaining the superior storage root traits. To speed this process, much of the initial laboratory and plant transformation work has been conducted by the Kenyan and Ugandan scientists working alongside an international team of scientists at the DDPSC.

This proposal seeks to build upon the knowledge gained so far through the creation of institutional capacity in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to genetically modify cassava. This will empower the cassava research team at in the ASARECA region I to play an expanded role in the sustainable production of cassava targeting a wider array of agronomic and nutritional traits, with great potential for spill over effects in the entire ECA sub-region.

Project Funding Type: Direct Award

Participating countries:  Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Participating Institutions and Country Location:
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya; Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI), Tanzania; and National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI), Uganda

Lead Institution: National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI), Uganda
 
Project Duration:  4 Years

Starting Date:  2008

Ending Date:    2011

Source of Funding:        MDTF (ii) USAID

Amount of Funding:        309,229 USD

 Available funds:                              309,229 USD      

Shortfall:                                          0 USD

applying tissue culture to improve access to cassava and sweet potato clean planting materials for farmers in eastern and central africa.

Project code

P034-08-P4-02-002

Old Project code

 

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of cassava and sweetpotato in the eastern and central African region.

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of cassava transformation technologies to provide improved cassava in the ECA

Background/Rationale

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) are major staple crops for millions of people in East and Central Africa (ECA), mostly in the rural areas. Cassava is the second most important staple crop in Africa after maize while sweetpotato considered as 'small' farmer's crop, providing a stable food source, particularly for low income, resource-poor farmers. It is also used as a high-energy source of feed for livestock. In the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP), cassava and sweetpotato are ranked among the high priority crops for agricultural research to contribute to food security and poverty alleviation for the urban and rural poor.
Despite the clear livelihood, economic importance and the genetic potential the two crops face several challenges. Productivity of cassava and sweetpotato in the ECA sub region is hampered by the inadequate good quality planting materials for farmers. Other challenges including pest and diseases, unavailability of suitable varieties, inefficient multiplication and distribution systems, poor market access and the lack of conducive policy and regulatory environment. This project intends to generate appropriate cassava and sweetpotato tissue culture technologies and make them available to ease multiplication of planting materials; strengthen capacity for cassava and sweetpotato tissue culture in the NARS and make available to stakeholders information on the cassava and sweetpotato tissue culture in general.

 

Project Funding Type

Direct Award

Participating Countries

Burundi, Congo DR., Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.

Participating  institutions and country locations

National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI), Uganda; Makerere University, Uganda, Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA), Kenya; Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Colombia; Africa Harvest Biotech Foundation Int'l (AHBFI), Kenya; Tissue Culture Business Network (TCBN) of Agro-Genetic Technologies Ltd (AGT), Uganda; Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute (MARI), Tanzania; International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA, Kenya

Lead Institution

National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI), Uganda

Project Duration

5 Years

Starting Date

2008

Ending Date

2011

Source of funding

(i) USAID (ii) MDTF

Amount of funding

366,061 USD

diagnostic and control tools and strategies for taenia solium cysticercosis

Project code

P037-09-P4-01-005

Old Project Code

AB/2009/01

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of pig industry in the eastern and central African region.

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of diagnostic and control tools and strategies for Taenia solium cysticercosis in the ECA sub-region.

 

Background/Rationale

Pig keeping and pork consumption have increased significantly in ECA during the past decade primarily due to the lack of grazing land for ruminants and the recognition by farmers of a quicker and more impressive return on their investment from raising pigs. Concurrent with increased smallholder pig keeping and pork consumption, there have been reports of a high and increasing prevalence of epilepsy in eastern and southern Africa (ESA), without a clear aetiology, and the appearance and increase in cases of porcine cysticercosis in Humans. Cysticercosis is caused by a zoonotic tapeworm Taenia solium found in pig. Humans acquire taeniosis (tapeworm infection) when they eat raw or undercooked pork meat contaminated with cysticerci, the larval form of T. solium. When ingested, the cysticerci establish in the intestine of humans, become adult tapeworms and shed eggs in human feces that can infect in turn other humans and pigs by direct contact or by indirect contamination of water or food.

T. solium cysticercosis is present throughout the region and it is increasing as an important constraint to the nutritional and economic well-being of small holder farming communities as well as a serious public-health risk. Community-based studies on porcine cysticercosis in Tanzania indicated a prevalence of up to 18%. The prevalence of porcine cysticercosis found in these ECA countries ranks among the highest in the world. Optimal productivity of pigs is also hindered by infections with cysticercosis.  This project aims at determining the risk factors for Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniosis; developing and evaluating a pen-side diagnostic test for T. solium cysticercosis in pigs and strengthening the national capacity for surveillance, prevention and control of T. solium cysticercosis in pigs.

 

 

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

DR. Congo, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda.

Participating  institutions and country locations

Animal Health Directorate, Burundi; Central Veterinary Laboratories, D R Congo ; International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya; University of Nairobi, Kenya; University of Antananarivo, Madagascar; Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania and Makerere University

Lead Institution

University of Nairobi

Project Duration

18 months

Starting Date

04th June 2009

Ending Date

31st December 2010

Source of funding

  MDTF

Amount of funding

521,859 USD

integrating agro-diversity with conservation to improve livelihood in savannah ecosystem

Project code

P038-09-P4-02-006

Old Project Code

AB/2009/02

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the Savannah Ecosystem in the eastern and central African region.

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of best-bet land use practices in the Serengeti-Mara region

Background/Rationale

Agro-ecosystems and biological resources play an important role to human livelihoods through their role in the delivery of a number of key goods and services (food, feed, fiber, water, biodiversity, and carbon storage) valued by society. Natural biodiversity has provided the foundation for all agricultural plants and animals. The entire range of the domestic crops used in world agriculture is derived from wild species that have been modified through domestication, selective breeding and hybridization. Most remaining agroecoystems contain populations of variable and adaptable landraces as well as wild and weedy relatives of crops, all of which provide valuable adapted genetic resources for crop improvement. In addition to producing valuable plants and animals, biodiversity performs many ecological services. In natural ecosystems, the vegetative cover of a forest or grassland prevents soil erosion, replenishes ground water and controls flooding by enhancing infiltration and reducing water runoff.

These agro-ecosystems and biological resources in ECA region are suffering from continued and accelerated degradation. This is characterized by the loss of important wetlands, soil fertility, forest cover, grasslands, agro-biodiversity and genetic pools of animal, plant and microbial species. Natural resources and ecosystems are continually degraded because there is a general perception that turning crops directly into income generates higher benefits than conservation. When these natural services are lost due to degradation, the economic and environmental costs are significant. Overall, there is creation of an artificial ecosystem that requires constant human intervention. To address this global challenge, previous conservation efforts had limited success due to complex technical, policy, social, institutional and enterprise issues in managing natural resources for socio-economic benefits and environmental services. This current project aims at developing methodologies for agrobiodiversity conservation for improved livelihoods from a point of improved productivity while integrating all the complex issues that affected the previous results.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Kenya, Tanzania.

Participating  institutions and country locations

University of Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania; Kenyatta University, Kenya ; Kenya Wildlife Service, Kenya; National Museums of Kenya; National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), Kenya; Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

Lead Institution

National Museums of Kenya

Project Duration

18 months

Starting Date

   2009

Ending Date

2010

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

510,891USD

fighting striga: resistance genes deployed to boost sorghum productivity

Project code

P039-09-P4-03-007

Old Project Code

AB/2009/03

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the semi-arid zones of the ECA

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of Striga resistance technologies to increase sorghum productivity in the ECA sub-region.

Background/Rationale
Sorghum is ranked second, after maize (Zea mays L.), as the most important cereal crop in East Africa and in the ASARECA region. It is one of the staple crops in Africa and it’s a unique viable food grain for many of the world’s most food insecure people. Unlike all other cereals grown in Africa, it is more drought resistant and can as well withstand periods of water-logging. However production in the ECA is constrained by Striga, a parastic weed with reported cases of up to 100% yield loss in the region.
Conventional breeding efforts in sorghum have identified some lines with resistance to Striga. However, it has proved difficult to introduce the resistance gene into farmer preferred varieties. This project aims at utilizing modern biotechnology tools to identify, map and locate Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for Striga resistance which can be exploited through either transformation methodologies or marker assisted selection (MAS) to breed a farmer preferred/market demanded variety that is resistant to Striga.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Kenya, Eritrea, and Sudan.

Participating  institutions and country locations

Ministry of Agriculture, Eritrea; University of Nairobi, Kenya; Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Sudan; ICRISAT- ESA, Kenya

Lead Institution

Agricultural Research Corporation Sudan (ARC)

Project Duration

18 months

Starting Date

2009

Ending Date

2010

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

436,091 USD

transfer of banana tissue culture technology to small scale farmers

Project code

P040-09-P4-04-008

Old Project Code

 

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of banana in the eastern and central African region.

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of tissue culture-derived clean banana planting materials in the ECA sub-region

Background/Rationale

Banana especially, cooking bananas represent a major source of food, as well as a major source of income for smallholder farmers in ECA. In East and Cemtral African highlands bananas reach their greatest importance as the main staple food and cash crops. In countries such as Uganda, Burundi, and Rwanda per capita consumption has been estimated at 450 kg per year, the highest in the world. In the past, the banana was a highly sustainable crop with a long plantation life and stable yields year round. However with the arrival of the Black sigatoka fungus, banana wilt and the weevils, banana production in ECA has fallen by over 40%. For example, during the 1970s, Uganda produced 15 to 20 tonnes of bananas per hectare. Today, production has fallen to only 6 tonnes per hectare. Therefore there has been an increase of food insecurity and poverty amongst the rural farming communities in the region.

Current efforts by the National agricultural research organizations (NARO) to find a solution to the problem were to improve the bananas for disease resistance. With support from International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), disease resistant cultivars were developed such as the FHIA-17 was developed. However, new cultivars taste different from the traditionally grown banana which has slowed their acceptance by local farmers and their market. Recent research has also proved that proper agronomic practices using clean planting materials can help increase the production of the landraces and farmer preferred naturalized cultivars. However, existing agricultural government systems in ECA countries are unable to supply quality planting materials to combat the above problems Although the improved planting material technology and others are available, they have not been passed on to the small-scale farmers for adoption in the production processes due to various reasons. This project aims at addressing this problem by producing and providing quality and pest and disease free banana germplasm using biotechnology tool of tissue culture technology as well as training in modern agricultural techniques and practices to farmers.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Uganda.

Participating  institutions and country locations

Agro-Genetic Technologies (AGT), Uganda

Lead Institution

Agro-genetics Laboratories

Project Duration

28 months

Starting Date

   01 January 2009

Ending Date

30th April 2011

Source of funding

MDTF/USAID

Amount of funding

46,200 USD

improving food security and livelihoods in eastern africa through improved community based low cost tissue culture innovations

Project Code:  -

 

Goal           

Enhanced productivity, value-added and competitiveness of Banana Potato, Cassava and Sweetpotato in the Eastern and central African region

 

Purpose  

To enhance utilization of high quality tissue culture planting material of banana, potato, cassava and Sweetpotato in ECA

 

Project Background/Rationale 

Using tissue culture (TC), it is possible to produce disease-free planting materials for the farmers.  The tissue culture technology has made it possible for farmers to access large quantities of superior disease free plantlets of various crops. Despite the benefits of tissue culture techniques for multiplication of elite clones, elimination of pathogens in planting material and rapid deployment of superior genotypes, various challenges limit the achievement of the full benefits of the technology. The high cost of the TC plantlets is one of the factors limiting the adoption of tissue culture crops by small scale farmers in ECA region. In Kenya, Uganda and Burundi for example, the calculated price per tissue-cultured banana plantlet is US$1.50, which is four times the estimated price of low-cost tissue culture plantlets from countries such as Taiwan or Thailand.

Tissue culture also suffers major operational challenges currently facing public and private TC laboratories. All the tissue culture labs in the ECA region are located mainly in the cities and transportation to the end-users' in the rural areas adds to the cost of the product. Although tissue culture hardening nurseries have been established at the farm level this has not contributed to cost reduction since the management cost of nurseries is high and when added to the initial cost of plantlets the final cost is still too high for the resource-poor farmer. The project will attempt to address these problems by supporting establishment of low cost community based tissue culture innovation platforms and mobilize private sector/farming communities to operate their own low cost tissue culture facilities to micropropagate clean planting materials for their use. The project will research on optimizing physical components of the TC technology such as; low cost lay-out of the laboratories; low cost media and culture containers; reducing electricity, lighting; and increasing labour efficiency. Overall, the plan is to strengthen the seed value-chain of cassava, potatoes, banana and sweet potatoes through building sustainability chains from TC laboratories to distribution networks of plantlets to markets. The project is building on the successes of the previous ASARECA project by impacting the rural community by providing employment thus increasing income opportunities to farming communities and vulnerable groups especially women and youth.

 

Project Funding Type: Direct Award

 

Participating countries:  Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Madagascar, DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location:

MARI-Tanzania, ISAR-Rwanda, EIAR- Ethiopia, INERA-DR Congo, ARC-Sudan, NARI-Eritrea and FIFOMONOR-Madagascar), MAK, Uganda; MUCST, Kenya, AGROBIOTECH-Burundi; AGT-Uganda, NARI, Eritrea

 

Lead Institution: MARI-Tanzania,

 

Project Duration:  3 Years

 

Starting Date:  2011

 

Ending Date:    2013

 

Source of Funding:       MDTF/USAID

 

Amount of Funding:      1,000,000 USD

building sustainable rural livelihoods through integrated agro-biodiversity conservation in eca savannah ecosystem

Project Code: 


Goal           

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the sub-regional agricultural system


Purpose  

Enhanced utilization of agro-biodiversity and development of best bet practices/ innovations in the ECA savannah ecosystems.

 


Project Background/Rationale 

Despite the continued local and global efforts to enhance agricultural productivity and the increased momentum towards globalization and poverty reduction, resource degradation continues to increase in most rural areas including within the Eastern and Central African (ECA) sub-region. The widespread destruction of the natural environment has a crucial livelihood impact on the majority of the especially rural poor in this region, as they depend directly for their livelihood on natural resources (mostly through agriculture, forestry, soil, water, livestock, wildlife and fisheries and other biodiversity), and on ecosystems that provide valuable services (clean water and air, flood prevention, pollination, food, nutrient cycling, seed dispersal, pest and disease control and recreational benefits).  It is urgent that this trend be reversed by encouraging farmers to adopt a variety of sustainable agricultural methods that will have long-term benefits in environmental conservation and sustainable livelihoods. The issue here is how to address livelihood issues in the ECA region, by practicing sustainable alternative livelihoods means compatible with subsistence agricultural production systems without compromising environmental tranquility.

Local small holder farmers in the savannah ecosystems within ECA countries need to be offered a variety of these most feasible technologies from which they can choose and adapt and adopt a combination to their individual circumstances. This integrated system is needed as a winning combination that enhances biodiversity conservation in multiple ways such as by increasing crop yields, enhancing soil biological activity, promoting nutrient recycling, intensifying land use, improving profits, and therefore, helping to reduce poverty and malnutrition while strengthening environmental sustainability and wellbeing of the local community.

 

The project is building on the successes of the previous ASARECA project which identified at  least 10 (ten) best "best-bet" management practices/technologies in the four study sites in Kenya and Tanzania for which there is sufficient evidence of widespread applicability and which are promising and appropriate in a variety of circumstances, or, with more farm testing, that need to be promoted are: 1) Bee Keeping, 2) Mushroom farming, 3) Biogas, 4) Woodlots, 5) Organic farming, 6) Community Conservancies, 7) Improved livestock husbandry, 8) Community ecolodges, 9) Bird watching, and 10) Poultry farming among others. The study will come up with a combination of these technologies likely to have the greatest impact to livelihoods impacting the rural community by providing employment thus increasing income opportunities to farming communities and vulnerable groups especially women and youth.

 

Project Funding Type: Direct Award

 

Participating countries:  Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location:

National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi Kenya;University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania;Serengeti National Parks, Arusha, Tanzania; Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, Kenya; Kenyatta University, Kenya; National Environmental Management Authority, Nairobi, Kenya; National Forestry Research Institute, Uganda; Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; Uganda Wildlife Authority, Kampala, Uganda; National Environmental Management Authority, Uganda.

 

Lead Institution: National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi Kenya.

 

Project Duration:  3 Years

 

Starting Date:  2011

 

Ending Date:    2013

 

Source of Funding:       MDTF

 

Amount of Funding:      265, 259 USD

enhancing sorghum adaptability to climate change- striga resistance and drought tolerance traits pyramiding through biotechnological approaches

Project Code: 

 

Goal           

Enhanced productivity, value-added and competitiveness of sorghum in the Eastern and central African region

 

Purpose  

Enhanced utilization of genetic engineering and marker assisted technologies in Sorghum breeding in the ECA sub-region

 

Project Background/Rationale 

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is the fifth most important cereal crop globally after wheat, maize, rice and barley. In the Eastern Africa region an average of approximately 7 million ha yr-1 has been harvested, and 5.4 million tons of sorghum grain produced over the past three years (FAO, 2001). Sorghum grain yields in the Eastern Africa region are however, low and highly variable from year to year.  Striga and drought are the major constraints affecting sorghum and other cereal crops production in Sub Sahara Africa (SSA).

 

Traditionally, many Striga control methods were tried; i) cultural measures, including crop rotaton, intercropping, trap-cropping and catch cropping.  ii) Chemical measures including; fertilizers, herbicides, and soil sanitation; iii) bio-control measures including; insects and  Fusarium pathogens, However, crop losses and the Striga host range has continued to increase in spite of the use of widely advocated control methods. Recently, it is suggested that no sole method is effective to control the parasite and striga management reside on integrated approach for which resistant crop cultivars are the backbone. A sustainable method to overcome this biological pest in Africa would be to develop crop germplasm resistant to parasites. This is achievable through development of resistant crop cultivars using molecular-biological tools; marker assisted selection and transformation. 

 

Significant progress has been made in identifying molecular markers for Striga resistance in sorghum under field conditions by ICRISAT and ASARECA. Genomic regions (quantitative trait loci, QTL) associated with stable Striga resistance from resistant line N13 have been identified across a range of 10 field trials in Mali and Kenya. Fore-ground and background selection of these QTL are underway in several NARS of ECA and ICRISAT laboratories managed by ASARECA to introgress the Striga resistance QTLs into farmer preferred sorghum varieties. Similarly, Stay-green (SG), a drought tolerance trait of sorghum, has been mapped in several sorghum varieties including B35, E36-1 and SC56 and is regularly targeted in many breeding programs

 

Fifteen wild sorghum accessions identified and their field Striga resistant and drought tolerance traits are confirmed. The project aims at  identifying markers linked to QTLs associated with Striga resistance as well as tagging the genes involved in the wild relatives of sorghum to strengthen cultivated sorghum Striga resistance. The project will also combine this, marker assisted breeding approach with and genetic engineering to boost Striga resistant and drought tolerant  in cultivated sorghum.

 

Project Funding Type: Direct Award

 

Participating countries:  Kenya, Tanzania,  Sudan, Eritrea

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location:

Kenyatta University- Kenya; Sorghum Breeding and Genetics Program; ARC, Sudan, Khartoum; University of Nairobi- Kenya; NARI, Asmara, Eritrea

 

Lead Institution: Kenyatta University;

 

Project Duration:  3 Years

 

Starting Date:  2011

 

Ending Date:    2013

 

Source of Funding:       MDTF

 

Amount of Funding:     536,480 USD

facilitating collective marketing best practices in kenya and uganda

Project code

P049-09-P6-01-003

Old Project Code

   PAAP/09/01 ( CG22)

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the regional agricultural system

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of collective marketing best practices in eastern and central Africa

Background/Rationale
In many instances, smallholder farmers are unable to adoption production enhancing technologies because the lack access to markets as long as they are on their own. Collective effort is essential to achieve economies of scale, reduce transaction costs, meet quality specifications, and improve negotiating position. Various efforts have been piloted, but a cohesive body of best practices has not been identified. This project represents a uniquely collaborative and participatory research effort aimed at identifying and disseminating the "best practices" for facilitating collective marketing in Uganda and Kenya. The objective is to understand the unique economic, social, political and environmental context within which these efforts are undertaken so as to elicit the factors that lead to success under varying circumstances. The central approach is to create a participatory learning alliance for ongoing information sharing and capacity building. Key stakeholders will be invited to participate in a learning network to identify key constraints to performance, undertake action research to test solutions to these constraints, and document  for widespread "best practices" dissemination. Policy lessons will be extracted and policy recommendations formulated and disseminated. Expected outputs are:

  • Best practices for solving critical constraints to collective marketing identified and agreed to by implementing agencies.
  • Policy options to enhance collective marketing generated.
  • Uptake of identified Best Practices for promoting collective marketing facilitated.
  • Capacity of implementing agencies in Uganda and Kenya to address specific constraints to existing collective marketing efforts enhanced.

Expected uses will include improved efficiency in collective market facilitation, greater effectiveness, reduced transaction costs, and improved market access, rationalization of marketing policy. Key users of research results will be the implementing agencies currently involved in the facilitation of smallholder collective marketing.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Kenya, Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

Appropriate Technologies (AT) Uganda
Nkoola Institutional Development Associates (NIDA), Uganda
SACRED Africa , Kenya
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) ,Uganda

Lead Institution

Appropriate Technologies (AT) Uganda

Project Duration

18 months

Starting Date

June 2009

Ending Date

December 2010

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 477,785

Available

US$ 477,785

Shortfall

0

combating hunger- enhancing effectiveness of agricultural input and output markets in eca

Project code

P054-09-P6-06-008

Old Project Code

CG21

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural system

Purpose

Enhanced contribution of improved information flow and policy relating to input and output markets to sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the regional agricultural system.

Background/Rationale
The current situation in eastern and central Africa is a fragmented market with each country having different policies, regulations and procedures governing trade and investment which constrains cross border flow of goods and services. The usefulness of intra-regional information on agricultural innovations, technologies and trade is diminished by the methods used in its generation and analysis. Each country applies different methods and procedures for data generation and has different target users for this data. The resulting information is not compatible and therefore not user friendly among member countries
This project aims at developing approaches, methodologies and enhancing skills for generating data on the functioning of agricultural markets. Consultations with key stakeholders in project countries will be done to develop and harmonize the methods and approaches to generating comparable data across ECA. The stakeholder analysis will also contribute to the search for solutions to be used in establishing negotiation mechanisms between the public and the private sector.
Key activities will be

  • Rationalization and harmonization of market information generation and analysis, and
  • Negotiation and advocacy to achieve a rationalized and harmonized market policy environment.

Expected outputs will be:

  • Statistical approaches and methodologies for capture, processing and utilisation of data on agricultural input and output markets developed, harmonized and promoted.
  • Strategies for consensus building, negotiations and advocacy for policy change to enhance the effectiveness of agricultural input and output markets developed and promoted.
  • Skills and Institutional capacity for agricultural input and output market data generation, analysis and utilization enhanced.
  • Information, knowledge and best practices towards the establishment of a regional information system documented and disseminated

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

African Agency for Development ad Environment Protection (AFADE)
Rwanda
Institut Des Sciences Agronomiques Du Burundi (ISABU)
National University of Rwanda (NUR)
Ssemwanga Group Ltd. , Uganda

Lead Institution

National University of Rwanda (NUR)

Project Duration

2 Years

Starting Date

2009

Ending Date

June 2010

Source of funding

World Bank MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 263,004

Available

US$ 263,004

Shortfall

0

addressing the food price situation in comesa

Project code

 P051-09-P6-03-005

Old Project Code

PAAP/09/03  (017)

Goal

A regional mechanism for addressing emergent situations such as the 2008 food price crisis established

Purpose

Evidence base needed to make informed policy decisions available for food security in ECA in place

Background/Rationale
The 2008 phenomenon of rising food prices and the current global financial crisis put the COMESA region at risk of a reversal in gains made towards attainment of millennium development goals on hunger and poverty reduction. Persistence of high food prices will make the situation worse and averting these negative trends calls for a deliberate concerted strategy.
A key lesson from the high food price crisis in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) in 2008 is that policy makers implemented ad hoc policy actions to address the hunger crisis. Most responses involved imposition of export restrictions or outright bans that only led to regional market imbalances. Policy makers lack the evidence base needed to make informed policy decisions. The negative effects of high food prices could have been ameliorated if policy makers had been better informed about the agricultural situation as it had evolved over time. This situation has thus exposed the lack of a regional mechanism for generating evidence efficiently and informing policy action in emergency situations such as the food crisis quickly. ASARECA in collaboration with the Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support Systems � East and Central Africa (ReSAKSS-ECA) will inform the development of mechanisms for informing policy responses for the food and other emergent situations. Such a mechanism will be nested within CAADP Pillar III on food security and emergency responses. Continuously updating  information on the food situation in ESA will not only keep the issue high on the agenda but will also serve to remind policy makers that the easing global food prices do not present any immediate relief to the food crisis facing their countries.
Activities will be:

  • Mapping of plausible analytical scenarios on emerging trends in food prices
  • Collection and updating standardized data and information on policy responses to food situation trends at the country, regional economic community (COMESA and EAC) and donor levels.
  • Analysis of:
    • Trends on food security, regional trade and agricultural productivity/production
    • Impacts of potential policy responses in input and output markets, research and development for technology generation and social protection measures
    • Links with emerging situations (financial crisis, climate change, etc.)
  • Monthly presentation of analytical trends on key food commodity and input variables and indices for the COMESA countries in simple charts
  • Dissemination of trends from the previous months and make projections for the next half year through biannual briefing sessions.

Expected outputs will be:

  • Updated monthly charts
  • quarterly and half year briefs on key food commodities and key input prices
  • biannual dissemination fora proceedings

These will be uploaded on the websites of ASARECA, ReSAKSS, Alliance of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), ILRI and other partners.

Project Funding Type

Direct Commissioning

Participating Countries

ASARECA member country NARS

Participating  institutions and country locations

Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Burundi (ISABU),Burundi
Ethiopian Development Research Institute -EDRI
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)
Alliance of the CGIAR, Kenya
Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC),Kenya
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI),Kenya
International Crops Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kenya 
Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA)
TEGEMEO Institute,  Kenya
Ministre del�Agriculture, del�Elevage at de la Peche, Unit de Politiques de Development Rural (MAEP- UPDR), Madagascar
Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR)
Agricultural Economic and Policy Research Centre (AEPRC), Sudan
Economic and Social Research Foundation, Tanzania
Division of Research and Training, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Tanzania
Economic and Policy Research Centre, Uganda
International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Uganda
National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), Uganda
Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) , Uganda
World Food Programme (WFP), Uganda

Lead Institution

ReSAKSS-ECA

Project Duration

2 years

Starting Date

2009

Ending Date

2010

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 110,756

Available

US$ 110,756

Shortfall

0

availability of policy information on agricultural sector performance

Activity code

020

 

Goal

 

Promotion of information exchange and sharing for improved agricultural policy analysis and advocacy.

 

Purpose

 

To facilitate sharing of information and knowledge that supports generation of scientifically based evidence for policy formulation and advocacy.

 

Background/Rationale

One of the key impediments to development has been that research results have not filtered in appropriate forms or in a timely fashion to be useful in policy formulation. PAAP seeks to address this research-policy disconnect through enhanced dissemination of critical and relevant policy information on topical regional issues to its diverse stakeholders. PAAP utilizes three main arms: establishment of agricultural policy networks; publications tailored to target end users and: support to various stakeholder dialogue and dissemination platforms.

 

 

The policy network's broad form of continuous interaction has mainly been through a bi-weekly electronic newsletter. The newsletter draws articles from a wide range of publications on issues relevant to regional policy. PAAP also publishes an annual stakeholders' directory that provides contacts of those involved in diverse policy arenas.

 

 

Publications from PAAP include training guides/manuals, policy briefs, monographs, etc. PAAP also provides several platforms for researchers and policy makers to engage in policy dialogue and advocacy for a more enabling policy and institutional framework for agricultural sector development. These platforms include stakeholder meetings, policy round tables, workshops and seminars.

 

 

Activity Funding Type

 

Direct

 

Participating Countries

 

All ASARECA member countries

 

Participating  institutions and country locations

 

All ASARECA NARIs

 

Lead Institution

 

ASARECA/PAAP

 

Activity Duration

 

4 years

 

Starting Date

 

2008

 

Ending Date

 

2011

 

Source of funding

 

USAID-EA  and World Bank MDTF

 

Amount of funding

 

US$ 99,043

 

Available

 

US$ 99,043

 

Shortfall

 

0

developing asareca gender mainstreaming strategy and early actions

Project code

018

 

Old Project Code

 

018

 

Goal

 

Gender responsive agricultural research systems for improved livelihoods.

 

Purpose

 

To create gender responsive institutions and research agenda for improved performance of agriculture sector while ensuring equitable distribution of resources and benefits to the various stakeholders.

 

Background/Rationale

Work from previous gender initiatives in PAAP led to recommendations that ASARECA should provide leadership in gender mainstreaming in the region. This was based on the appreciation that policy options for enhancing the performance of the agricultural sector in the sub-region should be gender sensitive. However, incorporating gender concerns routinely in the NARIs was hampered by lack of guiding policy frameworks. This went against the need to ensure that policy recommendations do not perpetuate gender inequalities but rather identify and address the needs and concerns of all beneficiary groups (such as poor rural women, men and youth). In recognition of this, ASARECA engendered its log frame and has developed a gender mainstreaming strategy and an early actions plan.

 

The objectives under the gender strategy are to:

 

  • develop positive attitudes towards gender mainstreaming in the NARS and key partners
  • influence donors and government agricultural policies to become more gender responsive
  •   secure adequate and equitable allocation of resources for GM
  • improve institutional commitment to gender mainstreaming

 

As part of its early actions in implementing the strategy, ASARECA is now conducting a gender audit within the secretariat. The audit is an internal assessment process of how gender issues are addressed in ASARECA program portfolios and internal organizational processes. The audit will identify gaps between gender policy and current practice and hence provide guidance on the best way to integrate gender policy into existing ASARECA practices and contexts. Current policy has now been outlined in the ASARECA Operational Manual and is currently undergoing review. The output will be a report of the audit for ASARECA and a brief on recommendations to fill the gaps. To augment the implementation of the recommendations derived an analysis of success stories in gender mainstreaming in the NARIs in the ECA and beyond will also be documented.

 

 

Project Funding Type

 

Direct

 

Participating Countries

 

All ASARECA member countries

 

Participating  institutions 

 

All ASARECA NARIs

 

Lead Institution

 

ASARECA/PAAP

 

Project Duration

 

3 years

 

Starting Date

 

2009

 

Ending Date

 

2011

 

Source of funding

 

MDTF

 

Amount of funding

 

US$ 414,859

 

Available

 

US$ 414,859

 

Shortfall

 

0

enhancing competitiveness of snap beans for domestic and export markets

Project code

P018-09-P2-01-001

Old Project Code

NSC/UGEN/09/01

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of sub-regional agricultural system

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of improved snap bean germplasm and management practices in Eastern and Central Africa

Background/Rationale

Snap beans (French beans) are growing in importance in the socio-economic systems of east and central Africa (ECA). It is a crop with great potential for addressing food insecurity and better incomes as well as poverty alleviation in the region. Compared to the dry (common) beans, snap beans obtain 12-fold the value of dry beans on dry weight basis in Kenya and Uganda. Snap beans are also harvested earlier and for a longer period than dry beans, and they require much less energy for cooking.
However, insect pests and diseases are major biotic constraints to snap bean production in ECA and contribute to the high yield losses prevalent on farms in the region. Farmers rely mainly on costly pesticides to control pests and diseases thus, increasing production costs and possible toxic accumulation of agrochemicals. The other production constraint in the region is low soil fertility.
Smallholder snap bean production is threatened by lack of affordable and marketable snap bean cultivars whose seed can be produced and disseminated through formal and informal seed delivery systems. Current varieties are patented by foreign multinational companies, which prohibit seed production by smallholder farmers. Deployment of resistance genes such as ur, and the use of other improved integrated snap bean production technologies, will reduce production costs.
This project was conducted for six months in 2006 before suspension of funding. Expected outputs include superior yielding varieties that are resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses, market information and integrated crop management technologies.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania

Participating institutions and country locations

1. NARO_NaCCRI - Namulonge, Uganda
2. KARI - Thika, Kenya
3. University of Nairobi - Nairobi, Kenya
4. ISAR - Butare, Rwanda,
5. SARI - Arusha, Tanzania

Lead Institution

NARO_NaCCRI - Namulonge

Project Duration

23 months

Starting Date

August 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 394,606

Available

Shortfall

processing for commercial exploitation of selected tree-fruits and vegetables in tanzania and rwanda

Project code

P019-09-P2-02-002

Old Project Code

NSC/TIIS/09/01

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural system

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of selected fruits and vegetables post harvest technologies in the ECA

Background/Rationale
Tanzania and Rwanda have a wide range of agro-climates suitable for the production of a wide range of agricultural products, but in many of these agro-climatic zones the available production potential is not fully utilised. For example, Tanzania has the potential to produce 2,000,000 metric tons of fruit worth at least US $ 900,000. In addition, approximately 1,200,000 metric tons of vegetables valued at US $ 530,000 can be produced annually.
The most important fruits that are produced include pineapples, passion fruits, citrus fruits, mangoes, peaches, pears and bananas, while vegetables include amaranthus, tomatoes, spinach, cabbages, and okra. The local markets for fresh fruits and vegetables are only available during the peak harvest. Furthermore, the bulk of fruits and vegetables in these countries, ranging from about 40 to 60%, are wasted due to lack of processing and preservation knowledge and facilities.
The current supplies of locally processed products are inadequate and do not meet quality requirements of local as well as international markets. The challenge however, is for the processors to be well trained in appropriate technologies and equipped with facilities that guarantee the production of high quality processed products. Processing and value addition will offer better prices for the products and enhance revenue generation, thereby the farmers being able to access other welfare amenities. The project will build the capacity of small-scale food processors through training in processing and marketing skills. Outputs expected from this project include knowledge materials, personnel and available technologies along the value chain.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Tanzania, Rwanda

Participating  institutions and country locations

1. Sokoine University of Agriculture - Morogoro, Tanzania
2. MARI - Mikocheni/Dar es Salaam, Tanzania,
3. ISAR - Butare, Rwanda,
4. Community Food Processing and Training Centre - Morogoro, Tanzania

Lead Institution

Sokoine University of Agriculture

Project Duration

22 months

Starting Date

September 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 549,193.35

Available

 

Shortfall

 

intensification of integrated agro-systems in climbing bean

Project code

P020-09-P2-03-003

Old Project Code

NSC/RUGA/09/01

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural system

Purpose

Promote integrated agro-system intensification for improved sustainable productivity of haricot beans in Burundi, D.R. Congo and Rwanda

Background/Rationale

In the Great Lakes region (Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern Congo) the majority of the population lives in rural areas and is employed primarily in agriculture. The most widely produced crop is the common bean, which is widely consumed in tropical Africa. Consumption is estimated at 50-60 kg/person/year for the people of Central Africa and East, which is one of the highest in the world. The dry bean is the main source of protein, energy and micro-elements. In this region, the bean crop includes climbing beans and bush beans. The climbing beans generally yield three times higher than bush beans under the same cropping area, thus generating a surplus for sale.
The high population growth in this region has resulted into increasing reduction of arable land. Currently, the average population density is between 400 and 700 persons/km2 with two thirds of the population living below the poverty line. Over 90% of the population practices subsistence agriculture in which the average farm size is about 0.5 ha per household. The high pressure on land leads to excessive exploitation, whose consequences are the reduction of agricultural production and the deterioration of living conditions. Increasing production of superior bean variety has the potential to improve soil nitrogen content, increase productivity, improve household nutrition and income and ultimately negate the effects of land scarcity in the region.
Expected outputs from this project include improved bean varieties, integrated crop management techniques, knowledge materials and trained personnel along the value chain.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Rwanda, D.R. Congo, Burundi

Participating institutions and country locations

1. ISAR - Butare, Rwanda
2. Université Nationale du Rwanda - Butare, Rwanda
3. INERA_Mulungu - Bukavu, D.R. Congo
4. ISABU - Bujumbura, Burundi

Lead Institution

ISAR - Butare, Rwanda

Project Duration

16 months

Starting Date

September 2009

Ending Date

December 2010

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 565,097.70

Available

Shortfall

utilization of bean innovations for food security and improved livelihoods in eastern and central africa

Project code 042

 

Goal Improved sustainable productivity, added value and competitiveness of the bean sub-sector in East and Central Africa (ECA)

 

Purpose Enhanced utilization of bean technologies and innovations in eastern and central Africa (ECA)

 

Background/Rationale

 

The project aims at adding value to and utilizing outputs from previously funded projects such as the snap bean and climbing bean projects. These projects to date have developed cost effective technologies for staking of climbing beans, management of insect pests and diseases, soil fertility and have snap, climbing and bush bean lines in the pipeline of release. The project also addresses strategic objectives and priorities of the High Value Non-Staple Crops programme of ASARECA.

Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are rich in quality globulin protein (20 - 28%), energy (32%), fibre (56%) and micronutrients especially iron (70 micro g/g) and zinc (33 micro g/g). It is obvious that where daily bean consumption is high, it provides significant amount of proteins, calories and the micronutrients (Valdemiro and Whitaker, 1982). In Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda, the consumption per capita of beans varies from 40 to 60 kg per capita compared with 17 kg for Africa which is one of the highest in the world. Beans are consumed by over 50 million persons of all social and wealth categories in eastern and central Africa (ECA), but they become a more available alternative to the rare and expensive animal sources of the proteins among the resource poor rural and urban consumers.

Bean is a very important crop where the crop is among the priority crops in the National Agricultural Strategic Plans. Beans can be grown in a wide range of environments (e.g. low to high altitude) and farming systems. In these countries, over 80% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector and the vast majority of bean farmers (about 80%) are women. The total land area under bean cultivation was estimated to be about 252,000 ha in Burundi (2007), 320,000 ha in Rwanda (2008), 589,074 ha in Kivu-DRC (2008) and 925,000 ha in Uganda (2009). Dry and snap beans also constitute a major source of income for poor farmers especially women and youth, who are heavily involved in all aspects of the bean value chain. It is also an important non-traditional export crop in the sub-region, accounting for an estimated USD 10 million in export value compared to maize (USD 23 million) for Uganda in 2009.

 

 

Participating Countries: Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, D. R. Congo

 

Participating institutions and country locations:

1. NARO_NaCCRI- Namulonge, Uganda

2. ISABU - Bujumbura, Burundi

3. INERA - Kivu, D. R. Congo

4. ISAR- Butare, Rwanda,

 

Lead Institution: NARO_NaCCRI -Namulonge

 

Project Duration: 36 months

 

Starting Date: -----2011

 

Ending Date: ----- 2014

 

Source of funding MDTF

 

Amount of funding US$ 900,000

scaling up farmer-led seed enterprises for sustained productivity and livelihoods in eastern and central africa

Project Code: P056-09-P7-01-003

 

Goal:                                     Enhanced utilization of agricultural technologies and innovations in eastern and central Africa

 

Purpose:                               Increased and sustainable smallholder access to quality AIV seeds in Kenya and Tanzania.

Project Background/Rationale:

The project aims to contribute to three ASARECA results areas, namely facilitating uptake of demand driven technologies and innovations; strengthening capacity of stakeholders to implement agricultural research for development; and enhancing the availability of information on agricultural innovations. As an action research oriented project, it will deliver knowledge products in terms of best practice approaches for establishment and scaling up of viable farmer-level seed enterprises for important crops that are not covered well by private sector seed companies. The knowledge sharing elements inbuilt in the project approach will promote catalyzing spillovers and promote uptake in other ASARECA countries helping reducing shortcomings that often occur in small scale seed enterprises.

 

Project Funding Type:  Competitive Grant

 

Participating countries:  Kenya, Tanzania

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location:     

 

Kenya:                   Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kisii; Technical Adoption through Research organization (TATRO) a local CBO; Kenya Seed Company. The project site is in Western Kenya

 

Tanzania:             HORTI Tengeru; Tanzania Official Seed Certification Institute (TOSCI); INADES Formation Tanzania based in Dodoma; The world Vegetable Centre Regional Centre for Africa (AVRDC-RCA). The project site is in Dodoma

Lead Institution:       CABI Africa

Project Duration:                              2 � years (31 Months)

           Starting Date            1st December 2009

Ending Date                                30th June 2012

Source of Funding:           MDTF

Estimated Amount of Funding:   US$ 581,440

Available                            US$ 581,440

farmer in the driver's seat: farmer empowerment for innovation in smallholder agriculture (feisa) in eastern and central africa (eca)

Project Code:                      P056-10-P7-01-004

 

Goal:                                     Enhanced sustainability, productivity and competitiveness of the smallholder agricultural systems in the ASARECA region

 

Purpose:                               .Enhanced effective facilitation by farmer organizations for market-led innovations in smallholder agriculture in Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya and Rwanda        

 

Project Background/Rationale:

Capacity building in agricultural development has always focused on research and extension institutions and very little attention has so far been given to farmer organizations yet these represent the demand side of agricultural knowledge and technologies. In the past, cooperatives were the main organizational arrangements that represented farmers' issues especially with respect to input and output markets. With failure of cooperatives in many eastern and central Africa (ECA) countries, farmer organizations have emerged as key institutional innovations through which smallholders can improve access to productive assets and services and hope to be competitive in a world of value chains and globalization. However, these organizations are weak and lack capacity to play these roles effectively. Organizational development is therefore a critical prerequisite to overall farmer empowerment.

The project aims to contribute significantly to two ASARECA results areas, namely; strengthening capacity of stakeholders, primarily farmers and related service providers to implement agricultural research for development; and enhancing the availability of information on agricultural innovations. As capacity strengthening project targeting farmer organizations, the project will empower farmers through their organizations to become more effective actors in development and implementation of agricultural product value chains in ECA. Through empowerment of farmers, the project will contribute to one of the objectives of the Comprehensive African Agricultural Productivity Program (CAADP) Pillar IV, which ASARECA is committed to deliver within ECA. As an action research oriented project, it will deliver knowledge products in terms of best practice approaches for farmer organizational development and empowerment. The pool of competent resource persons anticipated from the project will be enhance the opportunities for spillovers and scaling out the outcome to other countries

 

 

Project Funding Type:  Competitive Grant

 

Participating countries:  Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya and Rwanda    

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location:

     

Burundi:               Confederation des Associations des Producteurs Agricoles Pour le Development (CAPAD)

Bujumbura-Burundi

Rohero II, avenue KUNKIKI no. 27

P.O. Box 24 Bujumbura

 

Ethiopia:              Oromio Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union (OCFCU)

P.O Box 1394

1110 Adis Ababa, Ethiopia

 

Kenya:                   Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP)

Family Health Plaza, Langata/Mai Mahiu Road

P.O. Box, 43148 0100 Nairobi, Kenya

 

East African Farmers Federation (EAFF)

P.O. Box 13747 -00800

Nelleon Place, Raphta Road, Westlands - Nairobi Kenya

 

Rwanda:              Rwanda Farmers' and Breeders' Federation (IMBARAGA)

BP 1462 Kigali, Rwanda

 

Lead Institution: Royal Tropical Institute (KIT),

 Mauritskade 63, 1092 AD Amsterdam

P.O. Box 95001, 1090 Ha Amsterdam

 

Project Duration:    3.75 Years (45 Months)

           Starting Date   1st April 2010

Ending Date     31st December 2013

Source of Funding:      MDTF

Amount of Funding:        US$ 670,350

Available                              US$ 670,350

upscaling nerica adoption in northern uganda and southern sudan

Project Code:                      P056-10-P7-01-005           

 

Goal:                                     Improved livelihoods and sustainable food security and livelihoods in post-conflict areas in ECA

 

Purpose:                               Enhanced utilization of proven technologies by end-users in selected post-conflict countries in ECA               

 

 

Project Background/Rationale:

Emerging lessons from the two DONATA projects indicate that proven technologies on food crops, such as orange fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) and quality protein maize (QPM) have tremendous potential for improving food security of chronically food insecure communities in post-conflict/disaster areas. There is potential to scale up these and other proven, demand driven technologies in these areas. Stakeholders such as NGOs, CBOs, farmer organizations and public extension promoting agricultural technologies to communities in post-conflict areas would greatly benefit from linkages with sources of proven technologies and from exposure to emerging, promising scaling out approaches. This project aims to facilitate transfer and disseminate appropriate proven technologies such as QPM or OFSP or any other in two post-conflict and disaster countries for improved food security and livelihoods. The processes for reaching the overall objective should include strengthening of research and development alliances with relief and other NGOs, CBOs operating in these areas; establishment of functional innovation systems for technology adoption, which should facilitate the chronically food insecure communities to have sustainable access to the selected proven technologies, knowledge and markets for improved livelihood. Clear lessons generated from this would further help to enhance technology utilization and impact on food insecure communities and other stakeholders in similar areas in ECA. 

 

Project Funding Type:  Competitive Grant

 

 

Participating countries: The countries that have participated in the research call successfully are Uganda (focus on northern Uganda) and Southern Sudan

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location     

 

Uganda:               National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI);

Farm Inputs Care Centre (FICA) LTD

 

 

Southern Sudan:               Government of Southern Sudan, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Directorate of Research, Training & Extension, (GOSS- MAF);           Action Africa Help - International (AAH-I)

 

CABI Africa, based in Nairobi to provide technical backstopping

 

 

Lead Institution       National Crop Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI);

 

 

Project Duration                               The project is planned to run for 2 1/2 years.

          Starting Date            April 2011

Ending Date                               3oth September 2013

 

 

Source of Funding      Co-funded by MDTF and USAID

 

Amount of Funding:        US$        560,212

 Available             US$        172,363 (USAID)

                                US$        384,420 (MDTF)

scaling up technologies in orange fleshed sweetpotato using the agricultural innovation system to address food and nutrition security in eastern and central africa

Project Code:                      P056-10-P7-01-006           

 

Goal:                                     Improved livelihoods and sustainable food security and livelihoods in post-conflict areas in ECA

 

Purpose:                               Enhanced utilization of proven technologies by end-users in selected post-conflict countries in ECA               

 

Project Background/Rationale:

Although some progress on the millennium development goals (MDG) targets to reduce hunger and poverty has been noted in some developing countries, especially in Asia, food insecurity and high rates of malnutrition including vitamin A deficiency among young children remains a serious problem in many rural communities in eastern and central Africa (ECA). Malnutrition, especially vitamin A deficiency among young children undermines their disease resistance and growth, and increases mortality. Improved varieties of sweetpotato known as orange fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) have been proved to have enormous potential to address both challenges of food insecurity and malnutrition associated with vitamin A deficiency. The varieties are both high yielding and are able to provide the daily requirements of vitamin A for young children, pregnant women and other vulnerable groups in poor countries. In addition, improved post harvest handling practices including processing technologies have also been shown to increase their utilization and value. Coupled with the rise in population growth and high rates of urbanization characteristic in virtually all ECA countries, improved technologies such as OFSP present opportunities for poor households to increase productivity, improve their food and nutrition security and also to generate income through agro-enterprise development and improved marketing.

 Results from the on-going OFSP project under DONATA indicate that application of the agricultural innovation can enhance the utilization and impact of these technologies. This project aims to also generate lessons on application of the AIS in scaling out/up the technologies.

.Project Funding Type:  Competitive Grant

 

 

Participating countries:  The countries that were included in the winning proposal are Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The project will be implemented in areas where the current DONATA OFSP is not present.

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location     

 

Tanzania:            Lake Zone Agricultural Research Institute (LZARDI), an NGO called KOLPING

Kenya:                  Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Kakamega; Ugunja Community Resource Centre.

Uganda:               BRAC, a private sector micro-finance and marketing organization; Gulu University, and farmer groups in northern Uganda

The International Potato Center (CIP) regional office in Kenya will provide technical backstopping

 

Lead Institution:            Lake Zone Agricultural Research Institute (LZARDI),                

Project Duration             The project is planned to run for about 2.5 years.

           Starting Date           May 2011

Ending Date               30th September 2013

Source of Funding      MDTF

Amount of Funding:        US$   1,000,000

 Available                               US$   1,000,000

scaling up technologies in quality protein maize (qpm) using the agricultural innovation system to address food and nutrition security in eastern and central africa

Project Code:                      P056-10-P7-01-007           

 

Goal:                                     Improved livelihoods and sustainable food security and livelihoods in post-conflict areas in ECA

 

Purpose:                               Enhanced utilization of proven technologies by end-users in selected post-conflict countries in ECA               

 

Project Background/Rationale:

Results from the Dissemination of New Agricultural Technologies in Africa (DONATA) project on quality protein maize funded by African Development Bank indicate enormous potential of QPM technologies to significantly increase food, nutritional security and income growth for many smallholder producers including women and various vulnerable groups especially in rural communities. Some good foundations for scaling up and out the technologies have started to take shape in most of the participating countries. Innovation platforms have been established and investments undertaken on sensitization and capacity building of potential beneficiaries and adapting of models for improving farmer access to technology inputs especially quality seeds. However, the potential for technology adoption at scale, improvement in productivity and impact on food and nutrition security is unlikely to be optimized because of some gaps in the design, structure and application of the innovation system. This project is targeted to expand in other districts while addressing issues identified from lessons learnt in the DONATA project during various M&E, mid-term review and annual reviews among which included the following: (a) Limited application and understanding of the agricultural innovation system in scaling out/ up the technologies to enhance adoption and impact on food and nutrition security and incomes. The major issue identified here was the problem in the platforms design where there is short term partner arrangement for only one year which is inadequate to sustain the envisaged learning and innovation necessary to catalyze and sustain adoption. It is also too short a period to realize scaling out/up of the technologies and in sufficient scope to bring about desired outcomes and impacts at household level. (b) Mutual learning through exchange visits, experience sharing and innovation will be emphasized as a key element of the agricultural innovation system. (c) Limited attention to value chain upgrading. Linkage with SG2000 with great experience in one stop centre approach and QPM saturation method will be adopted to strengthen business development capacity that will enable the groups to access financial services and collective marketing.


Project Funding Type:  Competitive Grant

 

 

Participating countries:  The project will be implemented in DR Congo, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda but in areas where the current DONATA QPM project is being implemented.

 

Participating Institutions and Country Location     

 

D R Congo:                INERA working with local institutions

 

Kenya:                                        KARI, working with local NGO institutions and private seed companies

Tanzania:                  SARI working with NGO partners and a private sector seed company.

Uganda:                                      National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI) under the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), to work with Sassakawa Global 2000 and local cbos

Lead Institution:               National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI) 

Project Duration           The project is planned to run for about 2.5 years.

           Starting Date           May 2011

Ending Date               30th September 2013

Source of Funding      MDTF

Amount of Funding:        US$        600,000

 Available             US$        600,000

accelerated uptake and utilization of soil fertility management best-bets practices in eca sub-region

Project Code:              NRM/09/01

 

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub-regional agricultural systems

 

Purpose:                       To enhance uptake and utilization of soil fertility management knowledge and technologies in ECA

 

Project Background/Rationale 

 

The aim of this project is to enhance uptake and utilization of soil fertility management knowledge and technologies in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA). It is presumed that this will especially lead to sustained productivity and competitiveness of smallholder farming systems in the ECA sub-region. The project will be implemented in three East African countries; Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. These countries face challenges on how to arrest and restore declining soil fertility mainly due to non-use or insufficient use of external inputs, poor soil fertility management and low adoption of technologies. Consequently various countries in the sub-region face low productivity leading to persistent food insecurity and poor livelihoods.

 

The project team recognises that extensive agricultural research has been undertaken in the sub-region but this has not translated into significant increase in crop production. There are barriers to effective adoption/adaptation and utilization of sound soil fertility and water management technologies.

 

The project therefore sets out to develop methodologies for resolving these barriers by initiating mechanisms of sharing relevant information on promising soil fertility and water management technologies with all stakeholders. It is anticipated that more farmers will then use the promising technologies and boost crop yields and improve their livelihoods through improved nutrition and incomes.

 

The project envisages four results. These are;

 

a)       Appropriate methodologies for uptake and scaling up soil fertility management technologies adapted

 

b)       Policy induced constraints to enhanced uptake and scaling up of soil fertility management technologies identified

c)       Capacity of National Agricultural Research and Extension (NARES) and other stakeholders to scale up soil fertility management technologies strengthened

 

d)      Knowledge sharing products for scaling up soil fertility management technologies produced and shared 

 

The ultimate primary beneficiaries of this project are smallholder farmers in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The adoption of the best-bet practices will result in increased crop production and environmental conservation and contribute to the eradication/reduction of extreme poverty.

 

Project Funding Type: CGS stream a

Participating countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

Participating Institutions and Country Location: Kenyatta University, Kenya; African Network for Soil Biology and fertility (AfNet), Kenya; Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) Mlingano, Tanzania and; National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), Uganda

Lead Institution: Kenyatta University

Project Duration: 2.5 years

Starting Date: May 2009

Ending Date: September 2011

Source of Funding: World Bank MDTF

Amount of Funding: USD 577,775

Available: US $ 577,775

methods for valuation, attribution and compensation for environmental services in eca sub-region

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub-regional agricultural systems

 

Purpose:                       To enhance utilization of Payments for Environmental Services approaches in Eastern and Central Africa

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

The Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) sub-region has rich biological resources located in various landscapes across much of which are trans-boundary in nature such as those found in Mt. Elgon (Kenya/Uganda) and Albertine Rift (Uganda/Democratic Republic of Congo). The natural resource endowment contributes immensely to mitigation of global warming through carbon sequestration and; supply of natural water for domestic use and farming purposes. The landscapes that provide these environmental services are distributed across boundaries both within and outside these countries.

 

Degradation of this rich environmental and natural resource endowment continues unabated largely due to increased human population, inappropriate or inadequate institutional frameworks for resource allocation, civil strife and high poverty levels in the sub-region. Even as these natural resources continue to be degraded, the adjacent communities (e.g., forest-adjacent) who are responsible for the conservation, and also the burden bearers of such degradation effects, receive no incentives in terms of compensation for the role they play in this process.

 

Further, there are inadequate policy and institutional frameworks within the partner states leading to the tendency to ignore the need for sustainable use and management of these natural resources for the common good of all when making land use decisions.  Mechanisms for compensating the key stakeholders and managers of natural resources are also not available. This situation could be corrected by the development and promotion of robust techniques for valuation, attribution and compensation for environmental services (ES) being provided by specific landscapes in the sub-region. Tools for valuation, attribution and compensation, for example, for carbon sequestration and watershed management to enhance biodiversity conservation, inform policy makers and improve livelihoods are lacking in the sub-region.

 

In line with the goal and purpose of ASARECA, the purpose of this project is therefore to enhance utilization of Payments for Environmental Services (PES) approaches in ECA by establishing robust tools for valuation, attribution and compensation for carbon sequestration and watershed management in trans-boundary landscapes of Kenya, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

 

The four project outputs to deliver this purpose are:

 

a)       Appropriate frameworks for valuation, attribution and compensation of environmental services developed, validated and promoted,

b)       Policy briefs and institutional frameworks for payments of environmental services developed and shared,

c)       Training of stakeholders on design and management of payments for environmental services schemes conducted and,

d)      The availability of information on approaches for valuation, attribution and compensation for environmental services enhanced.

 

The trans-boundary nature of this task has called for selection of landscapes between Kenya and Uganda (Mt Elgon sub-region) and Uganda and DRC (Albertine Rift) to be used as test cases from which the results will be applicable to other landscapes in the sub-region. The research/project team to implement this project is drawn from 5 participating institutions drawn from Kenya (Moi University, VIRED International and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute - KARI), Uganda (ECOTRUST and NAHI) and DRC (INERA). Even though the project duration will be only for 2 years, opportunities exist for extension. From the project, the expected outputs are to provide robust models and methods for valuation, attribution and compensation, so as to enhance design and implementation of policies, procedures and legal framework for effective delivery of payment for environmental services (PES), and provide mechanisms for equitable distribution of costs and benefits among stakeholders.

 

Project Funding Type: CGS stream a

Participating countries: D R Congo, Kenya and Uganda

Participating Institutions and Country Location: Moi University (Kenya), Victoria Institute for Research & Development (Kenya), Nature Harness Initiative (Uganda), the Environmental Conservation Trust of Uganda (Uganda), and Institut National Pour l'Etude et la Recherche Agronomiques (INERA - D R Congo) and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (Kenya).

Lead Institution: Moi University

Project Duration: 2 years

Starting Date: May 2009

Ending Date: June 2011

Source of Funding: World Bank MDTF

Estimated Amount of Funding: $585,105

Available: US $585,105

promoting sustainable natural resource management through effective governance and farmer market linkages in eca sub-region

Project Code: nrm/09/03

 

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural systems

 

Purpose:                       To enhance adoption of sustainable NRM technologies

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

This project seeks to develop farmer-market value chains for selected enterprises as a stimulant to adoption of sustainable NRM practices, backed by strengthened NRM governance institutions. As part of the key project interventions, priority enterprises in project areas will be identified, value addition opportunities and constraints understood and cost-benefit analysis carried out to match most profitable enterprises with best-bet Natural Resource Management (NRM) options. The identified production, marketing and value addition opportunities will be piloted in three of the Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) countries, i.e., Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

 

As part of this process, existing NRM governance institutions are being assessed and strengthened. Farmer training will be carried out on group dynamics and leadership skills, investment opportunities, application of NRM best-bet options, value addition, resource mobilisation, marketing and marketing channels. The training will be conducted with an aim of enhancing farmers' capacities to engage in sustainable NRM. Strengthened dialogue platforms among value chain actors will facilitate information sharing and feedback to target production to market needs, thus building a sustainable producer-market chain. Visits to selected centres of excellence and participation in agriculture/trade shows will expose farmers to wider market opportunities. Results and lessons will be packaged and shared through different fora. The expected outputs therefore are:

 

a)       Value chains for selected enterprises in the project areas developed,

 

b)       Institutional arrangements for sustainable management of natural resources promoted,

 

c)       Capacity of farmers to engage in sustainable management of natural resources enhanced, and

 

d)      Knowledge, best practices, approaches and lessons learnt on sustainable NRM shared

 

Project Funding type: CGS stream a

Participating Countries: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania

Participating Institutions and Country location: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya; Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute, Uganda; Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania; Makerere University, Uganda and; Uganda National Farmers Federation (Uganda)

Lead Institution: Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute

Project Duration: 2 years

Starting date: 2009

Ending date: 2011

Source of funding: World Bank MDTF

Estimated amount of funding: $409,859

Available: US $409,859

Shortfall: 0

innovative approaches for mainstreaming integrated natural resource management in agricultural research and development institutions in eca sub-region

Project Code:              nrm/09/04

 

 

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural systems

 

 

Purpose:                       To enhance the adoption of Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) approaches in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania

 

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

 

This project is designed to support mainstreaming of Integrated Natural Resources Management (INRM) into agricultural research and development agenda in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) Sub-region. One key output of the project will be a strategy and pragmatic framework on mainstreaming INRM into agricultural research and development institutions in the sub-region.  The project will be implemented in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania with two action sites in each country.

 

 

Decades of continuous exploitation of natural resources in Eastern and Central Africa with little regard to their expedient management and conservation have led to the degradation of the resources, resulting in reduced productivity, low incomes, increased vulnerability and poverty among the numerous communities whose livelihoods depend on this natural endowment. On the other hand, substantial and successful work has been done within pilot sites and programs to mainstream INRM and its approaches and practices in the sub-region. Notable undertakings with successful stories include Landcare and African Highlands Initiative (AHI).

 

 

Despite the above opportunities for mainstreaming INRM and increasing the application of INRM approaches, it has not been adequately mainstreamed in agricultural research and development institutions due to a number of factors, among them, institutional barriers such as restricted access to INRM information on the grounds that it is "classified" and low appreciation of the role of natural resources in agricultural development.  This project therefore is designed to respond directly to these challenges by supporting institutional innovation for mainstreaming INRM and adoption of its approaches. The project will promote institutional collaboration to enhance biophysical synergies at farm and landscape levels, and support INRM through integrated technological, social, institutional and policy contributions. It's expected to deliver the following four outputs;

 

 

a)       A Strategy for mainstreaming INRM in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) developed,

 

b)       National and institutional policy briefs on mainstreaming INRM are developed and promoted,

 

c)       Training on INRM mainstreaming approaches conducted, and

 

d)      Availability of information on mainstreaming INRM enhanced.

 

 

These outputs lead to increased utilization of INRM approaches and methods as an outcome. The project therefore responds to the Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) NRM purpose (enhanced utilization of natural resources management innovations in ECA agricultural systems) and the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) pillar 4.

 

 

Project Funding type: CGS stream a

 

Participating Countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

 

Participating Institutions and Country location: Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Kenya;  Rural Energy & Food Security Organization, Kenya and Kenya Agricultural research Institute, Kenya; Selian Agricultural Research Institute, Tanzania and; Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda

 

Lead Institution: Kenya Forestry Research Institute

Project Duration: 2 years

 

Starting date: 2009

 

Ending date: 2011

 

Source of funding: World Bank MDTF

 

Estimated amount of funding: US $ 552,835

 

Available: US $ 552,835

 

Shortfall: 0

efficient use of crop residues: animal feed versus conservation agriculture in eca sub-region

Project Code:              nrm/09/05

 

 

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub-regional agricultural systems

 

 

Purpose:                       To enhance adoption of best-bet options of crop-residue utilization in crop-livestock farming systems in Eastern and Central Africa

 

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

 

The project �Efficient Use of Crop Residues: Animal Feed versus Conservation Agriculture� is funded by Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) under the competitive grant system (ASARECA-CGS). The project is designed within the context of the ASARECA Consolidated Conceptual Framework and with express aim of contributing to the realization of the ASARECA purpose. The ASARECA purpose is, Enhanced utilization of agricultural research and development innovations in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA). This project is expected to contribute to three out of the five outputs/results of ASARECA. These are:- the generation and uptake of demand driven agricultural technologies and innovations facilitated (Output 2), capacity for implementing .agricultural research for development in the ECA sub-region strengthened (Output 4) and Availability of information on agricultural innovations enhanced (Output 5).

 

 

Rationale for the project is founded on increasing food insecurity and poverty that are prevalent in most countries of ECA. The situation has been accentuated by lack of proper technologies and inadequate utilization of available technologies for management of natural resources for sustainable food production from both crops and livestock. Food production depends on the soil as a prime resource. The soil therefore requires management that will ensure continuous health in terms of nutrient cycling. Planted crops deplete a lot of nutrients from the soil and hence threaten its health. Crop residues management is therefore one of the aspects to look at when thinking of sustainable health soil. This is an approach that is cost-effective particularly for populations that are largely poor.

 

 

The amount of crop residues produced and the rate of decay vary among crops. While some decay fast, some may need to be ingested by animals and the dung returned to the soil as farmyard manure. The combination of the two factors determines the quality of residue in relation to its value for soil conservation, fertility management and livestock feed.

 

 

Literature review shows that since the inception of cultivating food crops, there has been numerous ways of disposing the residues by farmers such as burning, use as building material, fuel wood, manure and animal feed. Some of the options used hardly consider the concept of nutrient cycling so as to have health and sustainable soil environment. This project is therefore intended to explore various best-bet aspects of crop residue utilization in crop-livestock farming systems that will be friendly to the farmer and the environment (soil). The project will also introduce some conservation agriculture practices that will carter for both soil conservation and animal feed and hence reduce dependence on crop residues as animal feed.

 

 

The project envisages producing three results to achieve the project goal. These results are:-

 

 

a)       Best-bet options for the utilization of crop residues recommended and promoted

 

b)       Institutional capacity building to promote utilization of best-bet options of crop residues strengthened and

 

c)       Information availability and uptake of best-bet options for utilization of crop residues facilitated

 

 

During the project inception workshop, participants set farming system as main criteria for site selection and agreed that the project will be carried out in farming systems that practice both crop and livestock production, and that the livestock component can be 100 % confinement under zero grazing (to be named as FS1) or grazing with partial confinement of animals for supplementary feeding (to be named as FS2). The inception workshop also proposed that Tanzania to have FS1 (50 %) and FS2 (50 %), Kenya to have FS2 (75%) and FS1 (25 %), Uganda to have FS1 (50%) and FS2 (50 %) and Ethiopia to have FS2 (100 %).

 

 

Based on the agreed criteria, target study sites have been selected in Tanzania as Arumeru, Rombo and Babati districts (in Northern Tanzania), Kenya (Siaya district) and Uganda (Sironko and Manafwa districts around Mt. Elgon). In Ethiopia the project is located in Degem in North Shewa. Project results can be extrapolated to areas with similar farming system in ECA countries.

 

 

Project Funding type: CGS STREAM A

 

Participating Countries: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia

 

Participating Institutions and Country location: Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia; Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya; Selian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Tanzania and; Makerere University, Uganda

 

Lead Institution: Selian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI)

 

Project Duration: Two and half years

 

Starting date: May, 2009

 

Ending date: September 2011

 

Source of funding: World Bank MDTF

 

Estimated amount of funding: US $ 377,624

 

Available: US $ 377,624

 

Shortfall: 0

making the best of climate - adapting agriculture to climate variability in eca sub-region

Project Code:              nrm/09/06

 

Goal:                             Enhanced sustainable productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the sub- regional agricultural systems

 

Purpose:                       To enhance adoption of climate risk management strategies in semi-arid tropics of ECA

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

The world community is increasingly concerned about growing food insecurity, malnutrition, and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and the inability of these countries to achieve growth rates required to meet the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The high dependence of African countries on rain-fed agriculture, whose productivity and profitability is largely determined by rainfall variability, is one of the critical reasons for Africa's inability to respond effectively to the developmental challenges. There is also a growing consensus among scientists and policy makers that the expected changes in climate from global warming will further exacerbate the problem.

 

The relatively high vulnerability of Eastern and Central African countries to the impacts of climate change is mainly attributed to its low adaptive capacity. To reduce the continent's vulnerability to climatic stresses as well as to prepare for future climate change, there is a need to strengthen the adaptive capacity of the region. This requires, among other things, increased scientific understanding of the impacts of, and vulnerability to climatic variability and the development of options to respond to these changes through adaptation. This project aims at achieving this by enhancing adoption of improved risk management strategies. It aims at providing access to climate information, developing tools for tactical decision making, and adapting agricultural practices to existing climate variability which will significantly enhance the agriculture sector's ability to manage risk and take advantage of opportunities as they arise. This will be achieved by analyzing crucial aspects of past experiences and exploring the new opportunities created by new science tools like seasonal climate forecasts and system simulation analysis. The project targets semi-arid areas where conservative low risk management approaches adopted by farmers are failing to meet the required increases in productivity and profitability. The project is to deliver the following outputs:

 

a)       Vulnerability of agricultural systems to impacts of climate variability quantified and mapped,

 

b)       Farm - level options to reduce the impacts of climate variability developed and evaluated,

 

c)       Prototype climate information products to support adaptive decision making by relevant stakeholders, developed and tested,

 

d)      Capacity of target stakeholders for applying climate information in agricultural decision making enhanced and,

 

e)       Availability and use of information on climate risk management enhanced.

 

Expected outcomes from these outputs are: A regional data and knowledgebase (with data on soil, crop, climate and important socio-economic indicators as well as information on impacts and vulnerability, best practices and lessons learnt from the pilots) that will serve as an interface between the scientific community of climate information, producers and the users of this information, such as national governments, and NGOs to enable their capacity in planning, making and disseminating better decisions; Information about the value and usefulness of climate information in reducing risks and improving productivity of agricultural systems; Protocols and formats to interpret and present the required climate information (e.g., probabilistic forecasts) tailored to the identified end-user needs; A core group of researchers and extension specialists in the region trained with the new methods and strategies providing agro-advisory services and; Guidelines and mechanisms for effective collaboration among various institutions (e.g., meteorology, agricultural research and extension) with varying mandates and responsibilities to work together in a win-win situation.

 

The lessons learnt from this project will have a regional applicability and can be used to design research for development projects not only in the project countries but also across the East and Central Africa (ECA) sub-region.

 

Project Funding type: CGS stream a

Participating Countries: Kenya, Ethiopia and Madagascar

Participating Institutions and Country location: Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia; University of Nairobi, Kenya; ICPAC & Kenya Meteorological Department, Kenya and, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kenya; Centre National de Recherche Applique' au Developpement Rural (FOFIFA), Madagascar and, Societe Malagasy d'Etuddes et d'Applications Hydrauliques (SOMEAH), Madagascar

Lead Institution: University of Nairobi

Project Duration: 2.5-years

Starting date: 2009

Ending date: 2011

Source of funding: World Bank MDTF

Estimated amount of funding: US$ 433,240

Available: US$ 433,240

integrated management of water for productivity and livelihood security under variable and changing climatic conditions in eca

Project Code:              nrm/2011/07

 

 

Goal:                             To improve livelihoods of smallholder farmers in water stressed environments of Eastern and Central Africa region

 

Purpose:                       Water productivity and sustainability in smallholder mixed crop and livestock systems under variable climatic conditions improved

 

 

Project Background/Rationale

 

 

All the ECA countries depend largely on agriculture and the new "Vision for African Agricultural Research" developed by FARA and its member organizations calls for an annual growth rate of 6% in agricultural productivity by 2020 in order to achieve sustainable development in general. Given the current trends in agricultural growth and the findings of the recent World Development Report (WDR, 2008), this is a formidable challenge indeed. SSA is the only region in the world where the yields have been stagnant over the past 50 years leading to a decline in per capita food production especially in the Eastern, Central and Southern Africa regions of SSA. Hence achieving the targeted growth rate, though difficult is also essential if the region is to fight widespread poverty and food insecurity. With limited opportunities to expand cultivated land, much of the required growth has to come from higher productivity and more intensified cropping systems. Intensive cropping inevitably, calls for higher level of investments by rural communities on productivity enhancing technologies.

 

 

Intensification of rainfed agriculture requires greater use of inputs and investments on these inputs will often involve a high level of production risk mainly due to high inter and intra season fluctuations in rainfall. Much of the rainfall comes in few high intensity events with long dry spells in between. This results in high frequency of occurrence of agricultural droughts that reduce yield of rainfed agriculture. Statistically in semi-arid areas, severe crop reductions caused by inadequate rainfall occur once to twice out of 5 years, and total crop failure caused by droughts once every 10 years (Rockstrom, 2000). Under these conditions, it is very unlikely that the risk averse and impoverished small holder farmers will be willing to make such investments without assurances of a high probability of success and good rates of return to their investment. In this context, prudent management of the available water is critical to reduce production risks assumes greater significance. Water management is also going to play a much bigger role in the future with the prediction that in many parts of ECA, the available water resources are going to shrink due to changes in climate. Current projections indicate that Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi will experience serious water scarcities by 2025. Efforts must therefore be made to capture and more effectively use the water that is already available on the land in form of direct rain supplemented by small-scale irrigation.

 

Agricultural Water Management (AWM) covers a broad spectrum of activities from fully irrigated to supplemental irrigation to rainfed agriculture. Much of the past work in this area has focused on managing rain water at farm level. The amount of water that can be conserved and utilized with farm level soil-water management practices is limited by the rooting depth of the crop and the available water storage capacity of the soil. These limiting factors often combine to result in insufficient water to sustain crop growth during prolonged dry spells. Efforts were also made to combine in situ conservation with water harvesting technologies with storage components to enable supplemental irrigation to mitigate the harmful effects of long dry spells on crop production.

 

However, the economic viability of such systems (with a water storage component) when implemented by smallholder farmers, has not been critically evaluated. In addition, creating storage structures and irrigation systems require substantial investment both economic and technical which is beyond the capacity of most smallholder farmers. It is also argued that these are likely to have water stored in high rainfall seasons when the need for water in fact is low, whilst in dry years, when the need for supplemental irrigation is high they store inadequate amounts of water. In general, past research paid inadequate attention to evaluate the robustness and overall performance of various AWM interventions under a range of climatic conditions. Also much of the past research is focused more on evaluating and assessing the technology with little attention to enabling conditions and complimentary inputs. Very little work was done along the lines of IWRM, which is defined as a process that promotes coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems (GWP 2000).

 

Integrated watershed management (IWM) is one such approach that links production, conservation and livelihood objectives of people with a stake in a given watershed. It provides a framework for integrating technical, economic and social knowledge in identifying constraints, and in supporting planning and decision making to achieve sustainable solutions. India, which perhaps has the largest watershed program in the world, has adopted IWM as a fundamental strategy for rural development and poverty reduction in drought-prone regions. It has accumulated a stock of knowledge and experience on efficient approaches for adopting and implementing community-based resource management projects (Wani et al., 2003). Several studies and pilot interventions across India have shown the potential of IWM for improving productivity and generating essential ecosystem services that enhance resilience and sustainability of agro-ecosystems (Farrington, et al., 1999; Kerr, 2001, Hanumanth Rao, 2000; Joshi, et al., 2004).

 

The Outstanding Knowledge Gap is with the scaling up to watershed scales, the plot and field scale information coming from traditional approaches which did not factor the effects of scale, lateral flows and externalities embodied in watershed management (Swallow et al., 2002). Therefore, there is a growing consensus that past and future advances on commodity and NRM knowledge and technologies can better facilitate the eradication of extreme poverty if adapted and applied in the context of management at watershed scale that encompasses the social, economic and environmental dimensions of agro-ecological systems. The concept of IWM goes beyond traditional integration of technical interventions such as SWC, ISFM, and INRM to include production, environmental, market and poverty reduction related innovations that help diversify livelihood opportunities, link the poor stakeholders to new opportunities for income generation, and reduce market and climate-induced risks. The concept ties together the biophysical notion of a watershed as hydrological unit for technological interventions with that of the political, social and economic institutions that determine the demand, viability and sustainability of such interventions. Hence, the community-based but watershed wide IWM interventions create synergies between targeted technologies, policies and institutions that improve productivity, resource use sustainability and market access for resource users (Shiferaw et al., 2005). Advantages of implementing a landscape wide watershed management approach include:

 

  •   Policy and market issues are addressed through focus on problem resolution leading to better management decisions directing resources to priority issues or where the greatest problems exist, emphasizing on the sustainability and equity of improvements, rather than on short term benefits.
  • Knowledge is managed through social construction. Watersheds become a common meeting ground for communication, negotiation, planning and monitoring.
  • Capacity is built by ensuring that local communities are fully involved in the analysis of their own natural resource management problems. Decisions are made with their active participation. Farmer-to-farmer extension is a key process for passing information to the catchment inhabitants, for cultivating closer collaboration between farmers and for scaling-up watershed conservation in neighbouring watersheds and further afield. The role of the external support organisation is as a facilitator of analysis and a catalyst for action, building on the local knowledge, needs and opportunities of the communities.
  • Institutions are strengthened by encouraging local institutions to develop procedures and rules and creating working capital for sustaining group formulation, ensures that the watershed is managed after external support is withdrawn.

 

Why is research needed? The evidence of success with IWM in India and other parts of the world is largely empirical and site specific. There is a major knowledge gap in understanding how difference in policy, social, economic and ecosystem factors determine the design of IWM system that simultaneously provide goods and environmental services which leads to solutions for livelihoods problems. Currently there is lack of robust and widely applicable systems for the integration of biophysical and socio-economic heterogeneity with livelihoods and environmental goals. Therefore, the biophysical and social complexities and the need to harmonize the two for sustainable management of water, soil and biodiversity resources require suitable technological, policy and institutional arrangements that encourage and stimulate coordinated efforts. Better tools and capacities are required to deal with the following outstanding issues:

 

  •   Participatory analysis of tradeoffs between livelihoods and environmental benefits. There is inadequate simultaneous attention to both livelihood and environmental issues associated with management of water. The proposed research will contribute to filling these gaps.
  •  Planning use of public and private resources in the background of climate variability and change. Research is needed into how to assure that IWM processes can take place in such a way that poor and marginalized members of society do not lose pre-existing tenure, access and use rights. At the same time, more research is needed into how traditional tenure and resource management systems address equity issues, including gender equality, and how they deal with marginalized groups or 'outsiders'.
  •  Collective definitions of resource rights and their effects on watershed management. More research needs to be done exploring processes of collective definition of rights. How have such definitions affected action and negotiation? How are such collective definitions of water rights put into practice? What are the effects of these collective definitions of water rights on watershed management? How can communities' recognition of collective rights translate into legal or practical recognition by more powerful players, and what role can research play in this process?
  •   Understanding surface and groundwater interactions. The processes affecting groundwater recharge are still not well incorporated into decision-making. It is important to develop clear relationships between specific land use options and their effects on recharge of underground aquifers in local contexts. Research needs to be done on how to bring these concepts into general management practice, including possible incentives and how to promote general understanding of these issues by inhabitants?
  •  Upstream-downstream interface: The approaching flashpoint for conflict in NRM is the interface between the upstream-downstream areas in watersheds. There is need for better frameworks to manage demand in response to limited supply, and new democratic mechanisms for upstream-downstream conflict resolution and cooperation.
  •   Improving the replication of successful models by focusing on root causes of problems and comparative analysis to improve the generalisability of results.

 

The proposed work builds on the past experiences and addresses the identified research gaps. It proposes to use water as an entry point to stimulate demand for other productivity enhancing technologies and thereby enhance productivity and sustainability of agricultural systems. Harnessing and enhancing utilization of water resources including rainwater, runoff water, surface and ground water will be carried out at farm and watershed scales. It will aim to do it sustainably with a view to improving livelihoods of those living in the watershed without jeopardizing the environment or future generations. It will fully explore the possible connections between production, value adding and marketing at watershed level to identify appropriate complimentary technologies that take advantage of the improved water availability and dependability. It is designed to draw important lessons through a critical assessment of economic, social and environmental benefits of water management so as to avoid misguided investments and to make best and most sustainable use of the investments made. The project will contribute vital information, approaches and options that are relevant to the ASARECA mission in general and to the result 2 in particular. It also makes significant contribution to the results 3 and 4 and to a limited extent to result 5. The proposal also aims at distilling lessons that are regionally relevant by carefully selecting interventions that are relevant to various biophysical and socio economic conditions and by mapping the target domains.

 

Project Funding type: CGS stream a

 

Participating Countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar and Rwanda

 

Participating Institutions and Country location: National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) - Eritrea; Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia; Rwanda Agricultural Research Institute (ISAR), Rwanda; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Kenya; Centre National de Recherche Applique' au Developpement Rural (FOFIFA), Madagascar and, Societe Malagasy d'Etuddes et d'Applications Hydrauliques (SOMEAH), Madagascar; and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya.

 

Lead Institution: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya.

 

Project Duration: 3 years

 

Starting date: 2011

 

Ending date: 2013

 

Source of funding: World Bank, MDTF

 

Estimated amount of funding: US$ 1,699,905

 

Available: US$ 1,699,905

 

Shortfall: 0

exploiting market opportunities for value added dairy and mat products in eca region

Project code

P021-09-P3-01-001

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 01 Ex.ASPRJ 27-ANM-PRJ 15 & ASPR J 29-02 ANM-PRJ 17.

Goal

The projects goal is enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the sub- regional livestock  system        

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of value addition innovations in the dairy and meat sub-sectors in eastern and central Africa

Background/Rationale
Various studies have shown that markets for agricultural products are rapidly changing in Africa with supermarkets expanding rapidly. These markets demand higher quality products which are currently largely supplied by large scale farmers and processors and imports. Off-farm small and medium scale enterprises and smallholder farmers that supply them find it difficult to penetrate these niche markets because of failure to meet the safety, quality and quantity of products demanded. Consumer incomes are also improving leading to expansion of demand for quality and safety by middle and high income consumer segments.
 Growing demand for quality milk and meat in Eastern Africa is driving new opportunities for value       addition.  However, significant technical and institutional barriers continue to limit the benefits of these changes to small-scale producers and market agents.  This study will assess dairy and meat products quality, and identify strategies to create value addition in new and growing markets.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Kenya,  Tanzania, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Uganda, Southern Sudan

Participating  institutions and country locations

Kenya: Kenya Bureau of Standards; Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in Kenya; Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and ILRI in Ethiopia; Sokoine university of Agriculture (SUA)  of Agriculture, Animal Diseases Research Institute (ADRI) in Tanzania; Send a Cow, National University of Rwanda (NUR) and Umutara University in Rwanda; Agency for Inter-regional Development (AFID) and the National Agricultural Research Organisation (NARO) in Uganda and Ministry of Agriculture, Equatoria State in South Sudan.

Lead Institution

Sokoine University of Agriculture

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

November 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

715,207 US dollars

Available

 

Shortfall

 

integrated productivity enhancing technology packages for smallholder dairy farmers in eca

Project code

P022-09-P3-02-002

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 02  (EX. ASPRJ31-02ANM-PRJ19)

Goal

Enhanced productivity of Regional Animal Agriculture Systems.  

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of R4D innovations in smallholder dairy production systems in ECA

Background/Rationale
Low livestock productivity in crop-livestock systems of ECA is caused by the low genetic potential of the indigenous animals and poor management practices particularly on the aspects of health and nutrition. As a consequence, small-scale farmers live in poverty characterized by low incomes, food insecurity and poor social welfare. High population growth rate and rapid urbanization in the region have resulted into higher demand for livestock products that cannot be met domestically; leading to either food importation or aid. The hypothesis of this project is that increased availability and access to integrated livestock productivity enhancing technology packages by smallholder farmers will significantly contribute to sustainable increase of the system productivity.
Inadequate technology dissemination and adoption have multiple causes, including poor understanding of the needs and circumstances of farmers and the inability of unidisciplinary research to address interactions at the system level. Intensification of crop-livestock systems in the ECA region therefore, need a new research approach. The attractiveness of the Integrated Agricultural Research for Development (IAR4D) paradigm lies not only in its ability to combine cut-edge science to involve farmers and other stakeholders, but also in its emphasis on aspects of good resource management, markets and enabling policies, communication and knowledge sharing, promotion of the adaptive capacity of farmers and measures to overcome gender biases.
This project will therefore contribute towards ASARECA�s goal through intensification and diversification of crop-livestock systems by promoting integrated solutions namely; productivity enhancing technology packages (improved feeds and feeding, improved breeding and manure management practices), increased market access, better human nutrition, strengthened public-private partnerships and learning alliances and facilitate policy dialogue leading to an overall favorable production environment.
Major developmental challenges in crop-livestock systems are addressed; particularly food insecurity, poverty and inequity interrelationships, loss of soil fertility, loss of biodiversity, lack of supportive policies, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, weak institutional support and lack of effective partnerships and information sharing.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream A

Participating Countries

Rwanda and Tanzania

Participating  institutions and country locations

  ISAR, University of Rwanda and Send the Cow in    Rwanda; Sokoine University in Tanzania.

Lead Institution

Sokoine University of Agriculture

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

December   2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

349,965 US dollars

Available

 

Shortfall

 

improving livestock productivity through efficient utilization of available feed resources in eca

Project code

P023-09-P3-03-003

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 03. (Ex. ASPRJ14-02ANM-PRJ01)

Goal

The project goal is to enhance sustainable productivity and competitiveness of the sub-regional livestock production system.

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of livestock feed resources innovations to improve livestock productivity in ECA.

Background/Rationale
The Eastern and Central African region is characterized by a large fast growing human population, most of which live on less than a dollar per day. The region also carries over 60% of cattle and small ruminants in Africa. Both human and cattle populations subsist in varied types of systems, ranging from pastoral nomadic to urban and peri-urban settled lifestyles. With the rapid increase in human population, more rangelands are continually being converted to mixed-crop farming systems, a trend which is increasingly exerting pressure on the already dwindling natural resources. Notable among these constraints, is the scarcity of feed resources for livestock, which undoubtedly, is an invaluable source of livelihood for the majority of the population. The emerging constraints require application of appropriate technologies that would increase the availability of nutrients from the available feed resources to livestock while sustaining the environment.
Taking the fact that the level of industrialization in the region is low and a large proportion of the population is in the rural areas largely involved in agriculture, improvement of livelihoods is tied with agriculture. The economies of the countries in the region are largely agricultural, where livestock contributes as much as 34.5% of the agricultural GDP. However, Sub-Saharan Africa has moved from a moderate net exporter of meat in 1975 to a net importer by 1985. Projections show that demand for meat and milk will increase from 5.5 and 16.6 million tons in 2007 to 11.3 and 35.4 million tones respectively by 2020. The growth in projected demand and consumption for livestock products in Sub-Saharan Africa has in the process motivated further investment in long-term and short-term livestock productivity interventions. However, despite the trends, production has not met the increasing demand, hence forcing the countries of the ASARECA region to rely on imports from other countries in form of processed foods (A-AARNET 2005).
Technologies which improve productivity of livestock need therefore to be developed by scientists in conjunction with the livestock owners. The need to develop these technologies is urgent as current production practices are increasingly yielding less and constitute a threat to the environment because of the unsustainable intensity of resource use.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Kenya; Tanzania, Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

  KARI and University of Nairobi in Kenya; SUA, Tanzania; NARO and Makerere University in Uganda.

Lead Institution

KARI

Project Duration

13 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 159,745

Available

 

Shortfall

 

establishment of a feed resources database for east and central africa

Project code

P024-09-P3-04-004

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 04. Ex. ASPRJ15-02ANM-PRJ02

Goal

To increase income and improve the livelihoods of livestock farmers in the target area.

Purpose

.Enhanced utilization of livestock feed resources and information innovations in ECA

Background/Rationale
Optimal feeding of livestock requires information on the nutritive value of the feeds to be fed. Such information is usually compiled in databases and stored in an electronic format or published in form of feedstuff tables (Doto et al., 2004). These useful tools for feed formulation and feed budgeting on-farm are lacking in the ECA region. One emerging concern in the region has been the failure to share existing information and technologies among the National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS). In addition, the variation in the method of analysis used to determine the quality of feeds among countries and institutions limit the scope of its utilization beyond the countries and even within countries in which the information was obtained. The current gaps in feed values require research to generate information and knowledge, which are pre-requisites in the formulation of sound databases. The proposed study will therefore collect, compile, collate, harmonize and document a user-friendly database. The database will facilitate publication of the feed table that can be used for efficient feed budgeting and formulation of cost-effective feed packages towards increased livestock productivity at farm level. The database, however, has to be updated from time to time as the information become available.

Project Funding Type

CGS- Stream B

Participating Countries

Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

  ISABU  in Burundi; Egerton University in Kenya; ISAR in Rwanda; Department of Research,  Ministry of Livestock,  and Sokoine University in Tanzania and Makerere University  in Uganda.

Lead Institution

Sokoine University of Agriculture

Project Duration

24 months

Starting Date

December  2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 165,979

Available

 

Shortfall

 

testing and validation of breed survey methodology socio-economic survey and characterization of selected indigenous cattle of eastern and central africa. (lfp prj 05)

Project code

P025-09-P3-05-005

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 05.

Goal

Enhanced development and utilization of small ruminants genetic resources for sustainable productivity of livestock production systems in Eastern and Central Africa.

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of cattle breeding research and development innovations in the ECA.

Background/Rationale
Cattle keepers have definitive perceptions of the socio-economic attributes of Cattle Genetic Resources (CaGR), and their adaptive potential. This traditional knowledge has been the basis of their preference and choice of breeds and strains. However, its importance notwithstanding, indigenous knowledge has been generally ignored when developing policies and utilization strategies for the indigenous CaGR. Determination and documentation of livestock keepers' knowledge of the socio-economic attributes of indigenous cattle would promote their sustainable use, development and conservation, leading to enhanced food security, environmental protection and poverty reduction.
A systematic description of the indigenous Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) under the prevailing production systems is fundamental to their sustainable use and development. Breed survey (inventory) and regular monitoring would provide information on available breeds, their population sizes and trends, as well as prevailing production systems that could be used to assess risk levels and conservation strategies. Inadequate awareness and documentation of the potential of indigenous breeds as well as inappropriate management approaches are some of the contributing factors to the prevailing unsustainable use of the breeds.
Characterization, which in most cases runs together with breed survey, aims at establishing the unique and special attributes of the cattle breeds. Many of such attributes are either known but remain unexploited or unknown by the livestock keepers. Currently, the science of molecular genetics offers several alternative options that can be used to estimate the genetic diversity and relationships between populations, within and between breeds. Given the rapid trend in this area, it is essential to collect and store genetic material in form of blood, sperm, ova, tissue for future use for breed reconstitution and development.
Since early 1990s, a number of genetic characterization studies have been undertaken to identify genetically distinct "breeds" of indigenous cattle of the ECA region. Some data have also been generated from breed surveys. Such data includes colored photographs of animals' representative of individual breeds/types. This information can now be used to initiate development of breed catalogues for the regions' CaGR. It will comprise colour photographs and brief description of breeds including distribution, physical characteristics, main uses, production systems, performance characteristics, major threats and extent of threat. The catalogues will be used as a quick breed reference document by a range of stakeholders.
.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

EIAR, Ethiopia; University of Nairobi, Kenya; Sokoine University, Tanzania; NARO, Uganda.

Lead Institution

Nairobi University

Project Duration

24 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US dollars 163,160

Available

 

Shortfall

 

characterization of production traits, establishment of genetic potential for improvement of indigenous breeds of sheep and goats in east and central africa

Project code

P026-09-P3-06-006

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 06

Goal

To increase income and improved livelihoods of sheep and goat farmers in the target area.

Purpose

Enhance utilization of small ruminant breeding research and development innovations in ECA.

Background/Rationale
Small ruminants have not been adequately evaluated for their genetic potential in their prevailing production systems. The existing genetic and phenotypic variation observed for both meat, milk and diseases resistance has not been fully documented. The variation shows a clear potential for genetic improvements through selection (Indetie, et al. 1999). Description of the production system expands the value of characterization and may identify possible areas of potential impact on productivity. The characterization process will enable the formulation of conservation strategies for breeds and strains identified as being at risk and will promote the development of these breeds and strains for improved and sustainable productivity through efficient utilization.
Currently, the science of molecular genetics offers several techniques that can be used to estimate the genetic diversity and relationships between populations and within breeds. Marker assisted selection (MAS) can accelerate the rate of genetic progress by increasing accuracy of selection and reducing the generation intervals, given that MAS allows for selection decisions to be made very early in the life of the animals (Smith and Simpson 1986). The benefits of these techniques are greater for traits with low heritability, and those that are expensive or difficult to measure indirectly using the conventional methods.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Eritrea, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania.

Participating  institutions 

National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Eritrea; KARI, Kenya; Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Rwanda (ISAR), Rwanda; Animal Diseases Research Institute (ADRI), Tanzania.

Lead Institution

KARI

Project Duration

24 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US dollars 165,611

Available

 

Shortfall

 

tick and tick borne disease prevention and control in east and central africa

Project code

P027-09-P3-07-007

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 07. Ex. ASPRJ18-02ANM-PRJ06 

Goal

Improved sustainable cattle productivity and competitiveness of the livestock   sector in targeted area.  

Purpose

Enhanced the utilization of tick and tick-borne diseases management innovations.

Background/Rationale
The standards of tick control (using acaricides) in most African countries have adversely affected most of the livestock production systems, due to logistical and economic constraints faced by the farmers.  Most of these constraints are attributed to the withdrawal of subsidy by governments for TTBDs control that were vital incentives to the farmers.  As a result, the back-up services such as dipwash analysis, acaricide resistance testing and general technical and supervisory services have virtually broken down.  In addition, tick control facilities (such as communal dips) in many countries have fallen into a state of disrepair.  Consequently, the majority of farmers have resorted to hand-spraying, a practice that is fraught with many problems.  In places where field veterinary staff are poorly motivated, tick control practice is characterised by many malpractices that have serious health and environmental implications.  These include indiscriminate use of acaricides without professional guidance, lack of consistency in the choice of acaricides, and haphazard spraying of animals (Okello-Onen et al., 1998).  In some cases, the farmers use low volumes of acaricides made up in wrong dilutions.
The poor standards of TTBDs control may seriously undermine the recent efforts by several African governments to rehabilitate and expand livestock industry for increased production of milk, meat and other animal products.  These programmes are being accomplished through the importation of improved breeds of bulls and heifers and the use of artificial insemination to upgrade indigenous cattle breeds. However, they are producing cattle populations that are highly susceptible to TTBDs.  The beneficiaries of these programmes are the smallholder dairy farmers, whose numbers continue to increase. 
After nearly a century of using acaricides in Africa, it is now widely acknowledged that the technology has not created a significant impact on TTBDs (Dipeolu et al., 1992).  Historically, most control efforts have been targeted at the parasitic phase of hard ticks found on cattle.  However, hard ticks spend only ~3-5% of their total life span on-host.  Virtually, no effort has been directed at the non-parasitic off-host phase of hard ticks, constituting 95% (Punyua, 1992), that continue to perpetuate the species on the farms.  Moreover, most of the non-parasitic ticks feed on other alternative hosts (including game animals) on which no tick control measures have been attempted.
This project, therefore, seeks to identify, document and evaluate the various options for TTBD management under pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems in ECA, and formulate best-bet practices for TTBD control. This includes judicious use of acaricides, chemotherapy, immunization, and integrated approaches. A host of effective alternative methods for TTBD control have been documented and evaluated in eastern and central African sub-region, but not up-scaled to different livestock production systems.  This includes the use of anti-tick plants, plant-derived products and ethno-veterinary practices that present an effective and sustainable alternative strategy for integrated tick control (Malonza et al., 1992; Mwangi et al., 1995) in various livestock production systems in the ECA countries. 

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Burundi, Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania, Sudan and Uganda

Participating  institutions 

Institut des Sciences Agronomiques du Burundi (ISABU), Burundi; UoN, Kenya; Centre National de recherche Appliquee au Developpement Rural (FOFIFA), Madagascar; SUA, Tanzania; Ministry of Science and Technology-Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Sudan; Gulu University, Uganda.

Lead Institution

  Gulu University

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $  228,393

Available

US $ 189,684

Shortfall

  US $ 38,709

crop-livestock integration for sustainable management of natural resources in eca

Project code

P028-09-P3-08-008

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 08.  Ex. ASPRJ19-02ANM-PRJ07

Goal

Enhanced productivity and competitiveness of integrated smallholder crop-livestock systems in ECA region

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of smallholder crop-livestock integration innovations in ECA region.

Background/Rationale
Undesirable climate change and variability, high poverty levels, deteriorating soil fertility and per capita land and water resource base due to unabated population pressure; inadequate institutional arrangements and counterproductive policies in managing people and their livelihoods assets and unfavourable terms of trade due to globalisation are  major causes of chronic vulnerability of livelihoods in semi-arid zones of ECA region. The complex nature of vulnerability causative factors calls for an integrated approach combining adoption of crop-livestock production enhancing innovations, water harvesting and conservation and management as well as markets, institutional and policy innovations addressing the above specific causes of livelihoods vulnerability.
Currently, the world has entered an era of rising food prices including a sharp increase in milk, meat, wheat, rice and maize prices. One of the major causes of increase in the prices of crop and livestock products is the increased demand in the developing world. Rising fuel prices are also partly responsible for increasing food prices due to increased cost of transport and increased cost of production of inputs.
While the rising food prices are a global problem, it is particularly a major concern for the resource-poor populations in ECA region living on less than 1 dollar a. In the absence of viable economic alternatives, their vulnerability is increasing and they are increasingly unable to feed their families. However, all is not necessarily doomed as the rising prices are also an opportunity for smallholder farmers to increase their incomes and get out of poverty if appropriate technological, markets, credit, policy and institutional innovations are adopted to increase the production and marketing of their products.
Considering the increased demand for crop and livestock products, integrating market oriented dairy, indigenous chicken and vegetable production can be one of the best means to provide resource-poor smallholder farmers with regular cash income and improved diets based on food of animal origin and vegetables.
Aimed at building smallholder crop-livestock farmers' livelihoods resilience to the identified various causes of vulnerability, this project will build on the strengths and weaknesses observed during the implementation of the crop-livestock integration for natural resources management projects in other countries  to generate within learning alliances involving partners identified along the dairy, indigenous chicken  and vegetable value chains technological, social, policy and institutional innovations that will sustain the productivity of their land and livestock (natural capital), strengthen their social capital (farmers organizations, efficient institutions), improve the competitiveness of their dairy and vegetable enterprises while building their livelihoods resilience to the various causes of vulnerability.
At the core of the social learning through action research will be the generation and promotion of smallholder crop-livestock innovations for intensification of integrated dairy and vegetable production systems, asset diversification to off-farm sources of income, market, policy and institutional innovations and strengthening mechanisms to improve the resilience of integrated dairy and vegetable enterprises to the various causes of vulnerability. Strategies of the alliances for the project implementation will include action research to develop methods, tools and approaches for innovation, information exchange and knowledge management and capacity building of all actors within the alliances and along the dairy and vegetable value chains.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

ISABU, Burundi; KARI, Kenya; Livestock Research Institute, Tanzania; NARO, Uganda.

Lead Institution

NARO

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

June 2011.

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 435,967

Available

 

Shortfall

 

contigency plans to mitigate the effects of crises in pastoral systems of eca

Project code

P029-09-P3-09-009

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 09 Ex. ASPRJ20-02ANM-PRJ08 

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of pastoral and agro-pastoral systems in the ECA                           

Purpose

  Enhanced utilization of pastoral and agro-pastoral research and development innovations in ECA

Background/Rationale
Pastoral people have developed a range of responses to crisis situations that accommodate socio-economic and ecological concerns.  But these have become increasingly ineffective because of growing populations, encroachment of cultivators and urban and infrastructural development on traditional grazing land and increasingly frequent crisis situations due to effects of climate change. This is selectively taking up the best dry season grazing because of requirements for water and it is also the best land for cropping.  The ineffectiveness of present remedies is evident from the increasing human suffering caused by droughts and other crisis.  Thus, new responses need to be developed which reinforce the traditional systems so that they can be adopted with minimal social disruption. Research is urgently required to explore alternative production practices and formulate strategies and policies to assist in buffering or re-establishing livestock production in pastoral systems before and after crises
The challenges posed by drought calls for strategies, methodologies and tools in three areas: (i) monitoring/tracking and forecasting (early warning) i.e., the ability to track and analyse environmental changes using reliable indicators; (ii) mitigation i.e., coping mechanisms that can be instituted in time to respond effectively to the environmental challenges; and (iii) resilience and recovery i.e., an ability to rebound from catastrophic events so as to sustain progress in human welfare and natural resource management in the long-term (Niamir-Fuller 1998).
When destabilizing events such as drought, civil strife, floods or other natural disasters occur, livestock producers suffer through animal mortality and depressed market prices.  This adverse situation is aggravated by policies and regulations that inhibit producers from seeking solutions to their own food insecurity problems. The losses incurred by livestock owners not only hurt their immediate livelihoods but, depending on the nature of the cause of the crises (drought, conflicts etc) can damage food security for up to five years as herds and flocks are rebuilt. In some cases where livestock owners have been especially hard hit they cannot recover from the crisis. There is therefore an urgent need to build capacity for anticipating, mitigating and promoting the recovery of the livestock sector when subjected to crisis situations.


Project Funding Type

CGS stream B

Participating Countries

Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania

Participating  institutions

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Ethiopia;  KARI, Kenya;  National Livestock Research Institute (NLRI), Tanzania.

Lead Institution

National Livestock  Research Institute, Tanzania

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 545,089

Available

US $ 545,089

Shortfall

 

strengthening regional germplasm collection and regional forage seed supply in eca

Project code

   P030-09-P3-10-010

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 10.Ex.ASACT10-02ANM-ACT10                                                                        

Goal

Improving productivity and competitiveness of the regional animal agricultural  system through improved capacity for forage seed supply.

Purpose

Enhancing utilization of forage germplasm evaluation  and forage  seed production research and development innovations in ECA

Background/Rationale
The demand for high quality forage seed for development of livestock feed resources is increasing rapidly within the ECA region. This is fueled by the expanding beef and dairy production occasioned by the increased demand from rising population and improved income particularly in the urban centres. Availability of forage seed is critical to meet the expanding meat and milk demand in the region. Consequently there is need to have concerted effort by respective ASARECA member countries to improve seed availability. Forage seed production and seed supply systems in ECA region is not well developed compared with seed production for food crops. As a result seed procurement by farmers is mainly from their own cultivated pastures, relatives, friends and neighbours and is limited to a few forages species. Usually the quality of these seeds is not certified and is often poor. A wide range of forages is required to maximize the benefits from pasture development. Therefore, there is need to strengthen forage germplasm collection and seed multiplication at selected ecological zones in the ECA region to make a wide range of species available.
International institutions such as ILRI have limited quantity of seeds in their gene bank and do not have the capacity to supply enough seeds to the various and numerous demand from national institutions, private sector or development agencies operating in the region. There is good prospect of strengthening and increasing forage seed availability among ECA regions by identifying best environment for seed production for each forage species. This can be achieved through established linkages between institutions and improved seed movement and exchange in the region.


Project Funding Type

  CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania,   Uganda.

Participating  institutions 

ISABU, Burundi; NARI, Eritrea; EIAR, Ethiopia; KARI,  Kenya; ISAR, Rwanda; Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Sudan; NLRI, Tanzania; NARO, Uganda.

Lead Institution

KARI

Project Duration

  20 months

Starting Date

  December 2009

Ending Date

June 2011.

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 330,000

Available

 

Shortfall

 

developing farmers, researchers and private sector partnership to develop market oriented ethno-veterinary medicine

Project code

P031-09-P3-11-011

Old Project Code

LFP PRJ 11.

Goal

Improved productivity and competitiveness of the regional animal agricultural system in Eastern and Central Africa.

Purpose

Improving utilization of ethno-veterinary medicine innovations to increase productivity and competitiveness of animal agricultural systems in Eastern and Central Africa.

Background/Rationale
For more than two decades, the Greater lakes Region was characterized by political and social instability that has stifled livestock production. A large number of livestock was killed during the various wars while markets of inputs and outputs for livestock and livestock products were completely destroyed or disrupted. This led to a proliferation of livestock diseases such as east cost fever, foot and mouth diseases, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia or gastro-intestinal parasites as they could not be contained through the traditional private or public systems.
In their desperate search for alternatives to protect their livestock, most farmers turned to ethno-veterinary medicine. Surveys indicate for instance that more than 80% of livestock keepers in Eastern Congo were relying on ethno-veterinary medicine  to control east cost fever, gastro-intestinal parasites, foot and mouth disease and African swine fever (Baerts et al, 1989; Rwangabo, 1984; Balagizi et al, 2004).
 Building on the communities positive attitude towards ethno-veterinary medicine, a local NGO DIOBAS identified ethno-veterinary medicine as one of its priority areas for intervention and endeavored to organize farmers into associations to carry out participatory research on medicinal plants and organize market oriented medicinal plants production.
Building on DIOBAS and on other experiences in the region, this project will carry out participatory research to organize  farmers at community level to promote market oriented production of identified medicinal plants for controlling east cost fever and gastro-intestinal parasites and link the production  to modern veterinary pharmaceutical industry while ensuring that returns from the market are equitably shared between stakeholders along the market chain, from production to utilization. Value addition technologies that would link ethno-veterinary medicine with the modern veterinary pharmaceutical industry will be  identified, refined and promoted.

Project Funding Type

CGS Stream B

Participating Countries

Rwanda, Burundi, D.R. Congo

Participating  institutions and country locations

University of Burundi, Burundi; ISRT, Rwanda; DIONAS, DRC.

Lead Institution

University of Burundi

Project Duration

20 months

Starting Date

December 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US $ 305000

Available

 

Shortfall

 

sustainable management of banana xanthomonas within banana cropping systems in eastern and central africa (eca)

Project code
OldProject Code

P001-09-P1-001
SC/BXWCS/09/01

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the banana system in project areas in Kenya, Uganda and DrR Congo.

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of technologies and innovations for sustainable productivity of bananas in project areas in Kenya, Uganda and DR Congo.

Background/Rationale
Integrated agricultural research for development (IAR4D) approaches will be used to sustainably improve livelihoods in East and Central Africa. Proven and newly generated banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) management technologies/approaches will be promoted to key players in the banana value chain. Strategies that led to effective BXW management in 15 sub-counties (Uganda) and parts of Kagera (Tanzania) will be packaged, adapted and disseminated. New strategies will be developed targeting areas where current approaches have not been effective. National and regional capacity for BXW management will be enhanced through focused training, strengthening linkages and sharing experiences with other actors in the region. BXW affects millions of households in ECA and is among ASARECA's R4D priorities. Current partially effective strategies need improvement while an emerging effective strategy needs massive scaling out. BXW is a new disease and capacity building for its management is needed while deficiencies in access to information/technologies need correction.Promoted technologies will be used by farmers, traders/marketers and consumers to effectively control BXW. Training and improved access to information will enhance capacity of farmers, NARS, NGOs, extension, researchers and policy makers to contribute to research, communication, policy dialogue and formulation for effective BXW management to increase banana productivity sustainably.

Project nature

Competitive grant

Participating countries and institutions

Uganda, Kenya, DR Congo.

Participating Institutions and country locatons

NARO Uganda, Bioversity International Uganda, IITA Kenya, KARI Kenya, University of Nairobi, Catholic University of Graben, DR Congo.

Lead Institution

NARO, Uganda ( Based at NaCRRI, Namulonge)

Project Duration

22 months

Starting date

October 2009

Ending date

August 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of Funding

US$ 398,458

Available Funding    US$ 398,458

enhancing utilization of quality seed potato by small scale farmers

Project code

P002-09-P1-02-002

Old Project Code

SC/QSP/09/02

Goal

Enhanced Sustainable Productivity, value added and Competitiveness of the Potato Production System in ECA

Purpose

Enhanced Utilization of Technologies and Innovations for Sustainable Productivity of Potato Production Systems in Kenya, Uganda and Burundi.

Background/Rationale

In eastern and central African (ECA) sub-region, inadequate supply of healthy seed of improved varieties dominates a myriad of factors that cause the paltry national potato yields. The shortage, which has recently deteriorated to the lack of affordable good quality potato seed tubers in some countries, has encouraged the common practice among potato farmers of planting own-saved tubers from previous harvests or those sourced from markets or neighbours of unknown origin. Since the crop is vegetatively propagated, the situation presents a great opportunity for perpetuation and spread of the pathogens to non-infested areas. This Project addresses the problem of inadequate supply of healthy seed potato in Kenya, Burundi and Uganda by enhancing the adaptation and utilisation of appropriate practices, tools and technologies for production and delivery of high-quality seed potato through informal systems. Its sub activities are implemented by a regional team through the full participation of farmer groups in each of the countries.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Kenya, Burundi, and Uganda

Participating institutions and country locations

KARI-NARL- (Kenya), ISABU (Burundi), KAZARDI-NARO (Uganda), and UNESPA-Kabale, Uganda

Lead Institution

NARL-KARI-Kenya

Project Duration

24 Months

Starting Date

September 2009

Ending Date

August 2011

 

 

Source and amount of funding

MDTF
US$ 288,805

Available

US$ 288,805

Shortfall

-

enhanced management of banana xanthomonas wilt for sustainable banana productivity in eca

Project code

Old Project Code

P003-09-PI-003

SC/BXW/09/03

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the banana sub sector in ECA

Purpose

Increased utilisation of innovations for sustainable management of BXW in ECA

Background/Rationale

Banana Xanthomonas Wilt is a new disease that has been devastating bananas in East and Central Africa since 2001. The disease caused by a bacterium (xanthonus campertris p.v. nusacearum) has spread to D.R. Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Farmers and other stakeholders lack the capacity (knowledge, skills and resources) for sustainable management of the disease. A number of national programs have attempted to address the disease but there are still gaps on the information regarding the bacterium causing the disease. There is also need to validate and scale out some of the disease management options that have been developed.

This project will build upon the crop crisis project implemented by CRS in the six countries. Best bet technologies will be identified from existing inventory evaluated and promoted. Studies will be carried out to generate information to fill gaps on disease identification, survival and dissemination. Capacity of scientists, extension agents and institutional programme supporting banana research and development to effectively utilise skills in research and management of BBW will be strengthened through sharing of experiences.

Project nature

Commissioned Direct Award

Participating countries

Burundi, D.R. Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania

Participating Institutions and Country Locations

ISABU, Burundi; INERA, Congo; KARI-KIISI, University of Nairobi, Kenya; ISAR, RADAR,and University of RWANDA, RWANDA; NARO-NaCRRI, Uganda; DRD - Ukiriguru, Tanzania; Sokoine University, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Lead Institution

Bioversity Intenational

Duration

25 months, 1st July 2009-31st - August 2011

Starting Date:
Ending Date:

July 2009
August 2011

Source of funding

MDTF/ WB and USAID

Amount of Funding

US$ 967,350

Available

US$ 483,675

shortfall

US$ 483,675

development and dissemination of quality protein maize agro-enterprises for improved household income in eca

Project code

P004-09-P1-004

Old Project Code

SC/QPMA/09/04

Goal

Enhanced Sustainable Productivity Value added and competitiveness of QPM in ECA

Purpose

Enhanced Utilization of Technologies and innovations for sustainable Productivity of QPM

Background/Rationale

Although maize is one of the most important staple foods consumed throughout The Horn and East Africa, conventional maize varieties are deficient in two essential amino acids - lysine and tryptophan - so that populations dependent upon this crop may suffer from protein malnutrition. The potential contribution of Quality Protein Maize (QPM) to improving human nutritional status has been accorded worldwide attention in recent years-highlighted with the award of the World Food Prize for 2000 to the CIMMYT scientists who launched the research effort on QPM more than 30 years ago. QPM cultivars contain 70-100% more lysine and tryptophan than most conventional maize varieties; hence, the nutritional quality of the protein in QPM grain approaches that of protein derived from cow's milk. This essential aspect of enhanced protein quality has been combined with another important feature: QPM is virtually indistinguishable from conventional maize in terms of grain appearance and texture- as well as the consumer acceptance of maize-based food products made with QPM. The ECA region has been severely affected by HIV/AIDS pandemic which reduce labour productivity resulting in negative impact on Agriculture. Good nutrition is known to ameliorate the conditions of aids victims.

Studies have demostrated that QPM can prevent Kwashiorkor in young children (CIMMYT, 2002). Besides its obvious significance in human health, QPM is known to play an increasingly important role in reducing the protein supplement in animal feed if used as an ingredient. In addition QPM can be used as igredient in preparation of composite flours to supplement wheat flour for bread, cakes and biscuit preparation. Composite flours are used in a number of countries in ECA. Since farmers are able to grow their own maize savings are made on more expensive wheat flour that is mostly imported. In Tanzania, for example, one company named Nyirefami in Arusha is already making and packaging QPM for use in homes. Currently there is high demand for technologies that can reduce the cost of production of processed goods in order to make their business competitive. The project aims at using QPM as a source of entrepreneurship for several people, as agro-based enterprises and associated products will help improve their household incomes.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Uganda, Kenya,and Tanzania.

Participating countries and institutions

Uganda: NARO-NaCRRI, Makerere University, FICA Seeds,
Tanzania:
DRD- Salien (SARI), Nyirefami, Arusha.

Kenya: KARI-Embu, KARI-Katumani.

CIMMYT

Lead Institution

NARO-NaCRRI-Uganda

Project Duration

25 Months

Starting Date

July 2009

Ending Date

August 2011

Source of Funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 351,300

Available

US$ 351,300

Shortfall

-

integrated management options for sustainable lowland rice legumes cropping systems

Project code

P005-09-P1-05-005

OldProject Code

SC/SLRLCS/09/05

Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of lowland rice-legume cropping system in target areas of ECA

Purpose

Enhanced Utilization of technologies forSustainable Productivity of Lowland Rice-Legume Cropping Systems in target areas of ECA

Background/Rationale

The project seeks to develop technologies that will overcome constraints of establishing legumes on residue soil moisture after the lowland rice in target areas of ECA countries. The major outputs of this project are demand driven tillage and sequential cropping knowledge and technologies that permit establishment of legumes after lowland rice generated, capacity of stakeholders to utilise the technologies strengthened and availability and sharing of the knowledge and information across ECA enhanced.Rice contributes significantly to food security in ECA. However, rice-rice mono cropping due to unfavourable soil conditions underutilises land and water resources, depletes nutrients and may cause build up of pests and diseases. There is a need of technologies that allow growth of second crops after rice while ensuring sustainability.

Technologies to permit legumes establishment after rice will increase productivity of soil and water resources while enhancing sustainability through improvement of soil fertility.This will increase food production, allow diversification and improvement of nutritional quality and the income. The main beneficiaries are the lowland rice smallholder farmers in ECA region. The project is unique that it aims at integrating crop, soil and water management options and markets to develop technologies that would enable sustainable utilisation of soil and water after the lowland rice. Through participatory methodologies the project will identify rice and legume varieties that are socially and economically suitable for the lowland rice-legume cropping system in target areas of ECA. It will then review tillage practices that can overcome soil constraints and enable growing of legumes after the rice crop. Review of tillage practices will be followed by field experiments to validate and promote the best-bet technologies. We hypothesize that integrated management options for rice-legume based cropping system will contribute significantly to soil and water productivity, improved household food security, nutrition and income while sustaining the

Project Funding Type

Funding Stream A

Participating countries

Tanzania, Madagascar, and DR. Congo

Participating countries and institutions

DRD Mlingano (Tanzania), INERA, University of Kinshasha (DR Congo), FOFIFA, Regional Directorate of Rural Development (Madagascar)

Lead Institution

DRD Mlingano, Tanzania

Duration

23 Months

Starting Date

September 2009

Ending Date

August 2011

Source and amount of funding

MDTF

Amount of Funding

US$ 343,426

Available

US$ 343,426

Shortfall

-

integrated technologies for drought mitigation and increasing smallholder sorghum productivity

Project code

 P006-09-P1-06-006

 

Old Project Code

SC/ITDMSP/09/06

Goal

Increased economic growth and improved livelihoods in the ECA while enhancing the quality of the environment

Purpose

Enhanced sustainable productivity of smallholder sorghum systems in drought prone areas of the participating countries in ECA region

 

Background/Rationale

 

Nearly sixty percent of agricultural land in the ECA region is found in semi-arid areas and are prone to drought stress.  Sorghum is the dominant food crop in these areas as other cereals are not well adapted to the harsh dry conditions. Millions of people living in these areas are confronted with crop production challenges posed by nature. Besides frequent drought, and low and highly variable rainfall, infestation by parasitic weed Striga, low soil fertility and insect pests contribute to low sorghum yield in these areas. A number of drought management technologies such as drought tolerant and Striga resistant varieties, water and soil management practices have been developed to mitigate drought effects in sorghum production.  However, farmers have not realised the full benefits of these due to lack of availability of the technologies in integrated fashion. The results of the study will be used primarily by small scale farmers, governmental and non-governmental organisations engaged in the promotion of agricultural development, agricultural research organisations and personnel engaged in policy formulation and implementation. The research procedures will involve in depth analysis of the existing production practices in the target areas, documentation of improved technologies recommended for these areas and analysis of physical resource base for crop production in the area such as long term weather data soil fertility and management conditions. Combination of existing technologies (drought tolerant varieties, water harvesting mechanisms, appropriate tillage practices) will be tested under farmers' conditions. Inputs will be made to support (bring to completion) of existing efforts to develop more stable drought tolerant varieties using marker assisted breeding techniques.

 

 

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream A

Participating Countries

Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Tanzania and Sudan

Participating  institutions and country locations

Ethiopia,  Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Eritrea, National Agricultural Research Institute    Kenya, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Sudan, Agricultural Research Corporation and Tanzania, DRT Uyole Research Institute

Lead Institution

EIAR

Project Duration

27 Months

Starting Date

October 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 370,231.70

Available

US$ 370,231.70

Shortfall

-

integrated management of cassava brown streak disease(cbsd) and cassava mosaic disease(cmd) for enhanced productivity and utilisation of cassava in eca

Project code

P017-09-P1-17-017

Old Project Code


Goal

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the
cassava sub-sector in ECA

Purpose

Enhanced utilisation of technologies and innovations for sustainable productivity of cassava in ECA

Background/Rationale

Cassava is a major staple crop for more than 200 million people in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA). It is the second most important staple crop in Africa after maize. The crop has been prioritized by NEPAD as a "poverty fighter" that will spur industrial development in Africa. It has also been identified by COMESA as one of the strategic crops to be addressed under CAADP pillars 2 (improving infrastructure and trade related capacities for market access) and 3 (increasing food supply and reducing hunger). The ASARECA strategy (2007 - 2016) points to the fact that the biggest impact on poverty reduction will come from concentrating on staple crops with cassava ranking highest among the staples with a growing market.

Production and utilisation of cassava is constrained by a number of factors. The most critical among these are lack of novel technologies to improve productivity and lack of frameworks to enhance marketing and improvement of value chains and endemic diseases (especially viral) and pests. A pandemic of cassava mosaic disease (CMD) has been devastating cassava production in ECA over the last decade. Over the last few years, cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) has been spreading fast over the region exacerbating the risk in the entire region already adversely affected by CMD.

The Project on Integrated Management of cassava Brown Streak is being implemented within the Framework of the Cassava Mega Project. It focuses on the two diseases (CBSD and CMD). The Cassava Mega Project is an ASARECA initiative to address the constraints along the value chain in an integrated multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary manner in ECA. The Cassava Mega Project is a collective effort by ASARECA stakeholders in the region. Within the ASARECA Secretariat, it will be jointly implemented by four programmes and one unit. The Programmes are - Staple Crops, Agrobiodiversity and Biotechnology, Policy and Advocacy and Technology Uptake and Upscaling. Information and Communication unit will be involved.

Project Funding Type

Non CGS- Direct

Participating countries

Burundi, DR Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania and Madagascar.

Participating Institutions and Country Locations

NARO-NaCRRI, Uganda; INERA, DR. Congo; KARI-Katumani,KARI-kakamega, KARI-Mutwapa, Kenya; ISAR-Rwanda; ISABU-Burundi; DRD-Naliendele, Mutwara, Tanzania; DRD-Ukiruguru, Tanzania, DRD-Kizimbani, Zanzibar; FOFIFA, Madagascar; IITA, Tanzania, and IITA-BeCA, Kenya

Project Duration

5 years

Starting Date

July 2008

Ending Date

December 2013

Source and amount of funding

USAID, MDTF: US$ 1,082,000  (part of the total budget of the entire mega project)

Available

US$ 642,303

shortfall

US$ 440,503

integrated striga management for improved sorghum productivity in east and central africa

Project code

P008-09-P1-08-008

 

Old Project Code

SC/ISMISP/09/08

Goal

Increased economic growth and improved livelihoods in the ECA while enhancing the quality of the environment

Purpose

To increase sorghum productivity by reducing crop losses caused by Striga and create market opportunities to benefit resource poor men and women farmers in participating countries

 

Background/Rationale

 

Striga, a devastating parasitic weed affects subsistence farmers in highly degraded, drought prone areas where sorghum is often the only alternative crop. Crop losses exceed 40% in most of these areas. Substantial research output is available in the NARES that could be promoted regionally. This project envisages bringing experts together to identify evaluate and promote integrated Striga management technologies.

 

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream B

Participating Countries

Tanzania, Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

DRT, Ministry of Agriculture (Tanzania), EIAR (Ethiopia), ARC (Sudan), NARO (Uganda)

Lead Institution

Uyole Agricultural Research Institute, Tanzania

Project Duration

26 Months

Starting Date

October 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 143,868.84

Available

US$ 143,868.84

Shortfall

-

integrating pearl millet production practices with sustainable natural resource management for improved food security in drought stressed environments

Project code

P009-09-P1-09-009

Old Project Code

SC/IPMV/09/09

Goal

Increased economic growth and improved livelihoods in the ECA while enhancing the quality of the environment

Purpose

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness of the regional pearl millet system

 

Background/Rationale

 

Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum(L.) R.Br.) is the fourth most popular rain-fed cereal crop grown by over 10m resource poor small scale farmers after maize, sorghum and finger millet in ECA region. The performance of these crops declines with decrease in rainfall and soil fertility giving way to pear millet as the dominant source of energy for communities in areas receiving below 500mm of rainfall per season. Introduction of genetically superior pearl millet varieties and integrated production practices under environmentally friendly application can revolutionalise food availability and supply in these frequently food deficit regions at the same time safeguarding environment for future generations

 

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream B

Participating Countries

Kenya, Sudan, Eritrea, Tanzania

Participating  institutions and country locations

KARI (Kenya), DRT, Ministry of Agriculture (Tanzania), ARC (Sudan), NARI (Eritrea), ICRISAT

Lead Institution

Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)

Project Duration

26 Months

Starting Date

October 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 86,091.00

Available

US$ 86,091.00

Shortfall

-

increasing sorghum utilization and marketability through food product diversification

Project code

P010-09-P1-10-010

 

Old Project Code

SC/ISUMFPD/09/10

Goal

Increased economic growth and improved livelihoods in the ECA while enhancing the quality of the environment.

Purpose

Value-added sorghum food products developed and promoted for increased utilisation and marketing.

 

Background/Rationale

 

Sorghum, Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench, is the Africa's second most important cereal. The largest group of sorghum producers are small-scale poor-resource farmers with a poor market due to limited utilisation of the crop. Only about 3% of the Sub-Saharan Africa's sorghum is commercially processed. The only way to increase utilisation and hence marketing is by diversifying sorghum products through value-adding processing to give the convenience and quality desired by modern consumers. With the identification of the right sorghum varieties and high quality food products, the livelihoods of the population of ECA will be improved.

 

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream B

Participating Countries

Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda

Participating  institutions and country locations

DRD, Ministry of Agriculture (Tanzania),: Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (Kenya), NARO (Uganda)

Lead Institution

Ilonga Agricultural Research Institute, Tanzania

Project Duration

20 Months

Starting Date

October 2009

Ending Date

June 2011

Source of funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 110,000.00

Available

US$ 110,000.00

Shortfall

-

livelihood improvement through integrated management practices for rain-fed lowland rice

Project code
Old Project Code.

P011-P1-11-011
09-P1-11-011

Goal

Enhanced productivity, value addition and competitiveness of the regional rice system in ECA Sub-region

Purpose

Enhance utilization of technologies for sustainable rain-fed lowland rice system

Background/Rationale
The problem of weed infestation in rainfed rice is a result of poor land preparation, low plant population, late weeding and lack of water management under flooding conditions. Therefore special attention must be directed to relieve women and children from drudgeries of weeding operation so that they can take part in other economic and social welfare activities while children concentrate in their studies at school.

The project aims at using improved varieties with Rice Yellow mottle Virus (RYMV) resistance. Improve soil fertility, improving water use by harvesting rainwater and use of bunds to enhance water management. Integrated weed management measures like improved land preparation, water management, row planting, draught animal implements for weeding and modest herbicide use will be used to reduce workload on women and children. The project will therefore identify and validate integrated crop management technologies that will ensure sustainable rice productivity for improved food security and household income while maintaining the limited environmental resource base. In the course of the process the project will have a capacity building package where farmers, extension staff, NGOs and CBOs working in the project will be targeted. The capacity building will involve training that have a direct impact in the improvement of livelihood of the rainfed lowland rice farmers. In this project the technology testing and transfer efforts will be complimented by the active participation of farmers organized in farmers� field schools, farmer research groups, and awareness raising functions, which include assortment of publications (pamphlets, brochures and posters) in local language and through various media outlets (news papers, radio and TV), also field days and exchange visits will add value to these efforts.

Project nature

Funding Stream B

Participating countries and institutions

Uyole Agricultural Research Institute and Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute � Tanzania

Lead institution

Mikocheni agricultural Research Institute

Duration

20 months

Starting date

October 2009

Ending date

June 2011

Source and amount of funding

MDTF: US$90,410

Available

US$ 90,410

Shortfall

-

up-scaling of soil/water management technologies for increased maize productivity in eca countries

Project code

P013-09-P1-13-013

Old Project Code

SC/USWMT/13

Goal

Increased Productivity, value added and competitiveness of the maize based cropping systems

Purpose

Sustainable utilisation of natural resources and maize productivity and profitability through scaling up of proven soil and water management strategies with stress tolerant cultivars enhanced.

Background/Rationale

Low maize productivity in most of the ECA countries is associated with poor management of soil moisture and organic matter. Among the technologies tested are improved stress tolerant germplasm and SWM practices. This project aims at adapting and promoting the already tested technologies to optimise maize productivity in the region. This project seeks to integrate drought tolerant maize varieties with proven soil/water management (SWM) technologies for improved maize productivity and yield stability in drought prone agro-ecologies of the ECA countries. Firstly, the project will identify issues and constraints to adoption through meeting/discussion with farmers and other stakeholders. Knowledge of existing technologies to different stakeholders will be improved through extensive training, demonstrations, field days and leaflets/brochures, in each member country. Two improved maize varieties with two SWM practices will be verified and promoted through demonstrations and the best bet combination will be scaled up through the same dissemination techniques.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream B

Participating countries

Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya

Participating Institutions and country Location

EIAR (Ethiopia), DRD-SARI (Tanzania), KARI (Kenya

Lead Institution

DRD-SARI-Tazania

Project Duration

20 Months

Starting Date

October 2009

Ending date

June 2011

Source
of funding

MDTF

Amount of Funding

US$ 100,000

Available

US$ 100,000

evaluating markets of banana and its products for ethiopia

Project code

Old Project Code

Po14-09-PI-14-014

SC/EMBPE/14

Goal

Enhanced utilization of information and knowledge to improve marketability of banana in ECA

Purpose

Enhanced utilization of information and knowledge to improve marketability of banana in ECA.

Background/Rationale

Weak marketing system is commonly stated as one of the major reasons for poor performance of the agricultural sector in the Sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. This is more important for fruit crops like banana due to the specifics in terms of perishability, seasonality and bulkiness. This project aims to identify major constraints and opportunities of banana markets in Ethiopia by analysing and characterising banana market chains and stakeholders, developing and communicating policy options for improvement, and improving the capacity in market analysis techniques

Project nature

Competitive grant.

Participating countries

Ethiopia

Participatind institutions and country location

EIAR- Ethiopia; Bioversity- Uganda

Lead Institution

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)

Duration

17 months

 

Starting Date: October 2009
Ending Date: March 2011

Source
of funding

MDTF

Amount of Funding

US$ 7,656

improved banana technologies for income and market generation in rwanda

Project code
Old Project Code

P015-09-PI-015
SC/IBTMIGR/15

Goal

Enhanced utilization of banana post harvest technonologies in ECA.

Purpose

Enhanced sustainable productivity, value added and competitiveness in post harvest and processing of the banana sub-sector in Rwanda

Background/Rationale

Bananas, the second most important food and cash crop in Rwanda are consumed and marketed unprocessed or processed mainly into banana wine employing traditional methods. Products are not standardised leading to poor quality a potential to health hazard and low market prices. Improved technologies can increase the market value of the products. The objective is to enhance the standards and quality of post harvest handling and processing of bananas. The project will be based in the Eastern province of Rwanda, the most important banana producing area. Some work already exists in these areas and promotion of bacteria wilt tolerant varieties is advanced. Two demonstration units will be set up one for training on even ripening for dessert and another for processing quality juice, beer and wine.

Project nature / Funding type

Competitive grant

Participating countries and institutions

Rwanda ISAR, BARNESA/Bioversity

Participating institutions and country location

ISAR- Rwanda; Bioversity - Uganda

Lead institution

ISAR

Project Duration

23 months,
Start Date: October 2009
Ending Date: September 2011

Source of Funding

MDTF, US$ 46,555.00

Amount of funding

US$ 46,555.00

development and dissemination of normal and nutritionally enhanced highland maize varieties

Project code

P016-09-P1-016

Old Project Code

SC/NNEHMV/16

Goal

Enhanced Sustainable Productivity, value added and Competitiveness of Highland maize in ECA

Purpose

Enhanced Utilization of Technologies and Inovations for Sustainable Productivity of highland Maize in ECA

Background/Rationale

Maize is cultivated in all major agro-ecological zones in the region up to the altitudes of 2400 m.a.s.l. A highland zone of the region is among the favourable maize-growing environments as it ranks second in maize production. It is generally characterised by high rainfall, cool seasonal temperatures, high human population density and consequently high levels of poverty. Despite these potentials, maize production in the highland areas is characterised by low yields due to unimproved varieties and long absence of infusion of new germplasm. Biotic stresses such as turcicum leaf blight, rust, grey leaf spot; stalk lodging and stalk borers are the major constraints. The abiotic stresses in the highland zone are frost, hail and water logging (on vertisols). Undulating terrain, low soil fertility and wide variations in climatic and other environmental conditions compounds these problems.

Although maize is an important stable food for many communities in the region, maize protein is deficient in two essential amino acids, lysine and tryptophan. Quality protein maize (QPM), however, contains nearly twice the quantity of lysine and tryptophan, which are essential building blocks of protein in humans and mono-gastric animals like poultry and pigs. QPM cultivars contain 70-100% more lysine and tryptophan than most conventional maize varieties; hence, the nutritional quality of QPM protein approaches that of the protein contained in cow's milk. QPM offers an additional potential benefit by indirectly increasing available protein for farm families that raise livestock as it increases weight gain of animals like poultry and swine. Hence, utilisation of QPM in the highlands of ECA region in general will alleviate the malnutrition problem and leads to healthier population, increased productivity and higher incomes for better livelihoods. This project, therefore, aims at developing and releasing improved normal and QPM varieties giving higher yields, with resistance to common foliar diseases and at the same time adapted to the highland ecology.

Project Funding Type

CGS Funding Stream B

Participating Countries

Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda.

Participating countries and institutions

NARO (Uganda), SARI (Tanzania) EARO (now called EIAR), Alemaya University (Ethiopia), ISABU (Burundi), KARI (Kenya), ISAR (Rwanda), CIMMYT

Lead Institution

EIAR- Ethiopia

Project Duration

25 Months

Starting Date

November 2009

Ending Date

December 2011

Source of Funding

MDTF

Amount of funding

US$ 66,292

Available

US$ 66,292

Shortfall

-

programme management information system (pmis) development

Project code

P058-08-U1-01-001

Old Project Code

 

Goal

To enhance utilisation of information for regional agricultural R&D

Purpose

Enhanced availability and usage of quality information for planning, monitoring, and evaluation of research programmes and projects

Background/Rationale
As ASARECA became responsible for an increasingly large portfolio of research projects and associated activities there was urgent need to improve performance of the following core programme management functions:- planning, CGS, resource management, funds/grants movement, monitoring/evaluation, reporting against ASARECA results and expansion of the organizational support base.
ASARECA intends to do this by implementing an integrated management information system. This system, the " Programme Management Information System " (PMIS), should be capable of processing and delivering information products and services for its various constituents. In this effort, a PMIS needs assessment was carried out. The needs assessment resulted in a recommendation that the PMIS should comprise 8 modules which could be implemented over a 3-year period. The modules include a projects management information system; grants management information system; proposals management information system; procurements management information system; logistics management information system; documents management information system; Contacts Management information system; human resource information system; as well as the setting up of an Intranet.
As a priority, ASARECA has embarked on the development of 2 modules of the PMIS. These are the grants management information system (GMIS) and the project management information system (PrMIS). The PrMIS will be used to track reporting, documentation and aggregation of projects by programme and ASARECA result area, country, donor, partner organizations. The GMIS will assist programmes to track research grants awarded to partners and institutions including project financial results, planned expenditure vs. actual expenditure and utilization rates.


Project Funding Type

Direct

Participating Countries

,

Participating  institutions and country locations

ASARECA Secretariat and all ASARECA countries

Lead Institution

 

Project Duration

3

Starting Date

2008

Ending Date

2011

Source of funding

USAID/EA, WB-MDTF

Amount of funding

297,300

Available

149,786

Shortfall

147,514

eastern africa agricultural productivity program (eaapp)

Background/Rationale

 

The Eastern Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (EAAPP) is a new initiative which offers opportunity for a subset of ASARECA countries (Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda) to use their own resources to deepen investment in regional priorities beyond the levels achievable under ASARECA's current MDTF budget. The EAAPP objective is to strengthen and scale up regional cooperation in generation of technology, training, and dissemination programs for four regional priority commodities; dairy, rice wheat and cassava. For each of these commodities, EAAPP is supporting efforts to scale up and develop national research programs into regional centers of excellence (RCoEs). The dairy RCoE is based in Kenya, the rice RCoE in Tanzania, the wheat RCoE in Ethiopia and the cassava RCoE in Uganda. The program is supporting each of these RCoEs in taking a leading role in technology generation, dissemination, and training on a regional basis.

 

 

The RCoEs are expected to provide leadership in the region and beyond in developing innovations and forging partnerships with relevant institutions such as private businesses, Community Based Organizations, Non Governmental Organisations, Government entities and universities, that would enhance development of the cassava, rice, wheat and dairy subsectors and contribute to increased food security and economic growth. EAAPP activities focus on four main areas: (i) improving skills, facilities, and equipment in the RCoEs; (ii) agricultural research and training, including for service providers and lead farmers; (iii) greater availability of seeds and breeds; and (iv) coordination (national and regional), M&E, policy analysis, and advocacy as needed. The program is being is being financed through facilities arranged by each of the four countries, with the International Development Association (IDA) of the World Bank.

 

 

EAAPP Implementation and the roles of ASARECA 

 

 

EAAPP is fully complimentary to ASARECA's MDTF supported Operational Plan and each of the participating countries has signed a subsidiary agreement with ASARECA, allocating resources for the following roles to be undertaken by ASARECA:

 

 

1.       Convening role: Under this role, ASARECA will facilitate regional strategic meetings involving the four target countries to develop regional operational frameworks for establishment of RCoEs.   In addition, ASARECA will assist the RCoEs to develop principles and generic guidelines and standards for call of regional proposals, review and approval of the regional project proposals.

 

 

2.       Networking role: ASARECA's networking role involves facilitating information sharing platforms to enable sharing of benefits and spill over of technologies and innovations developed by individual RCoEs to other participating countries

 

 

3.       Technical backstopping role: ASARECA will backstop out-scaling of technologies, innovations and best practices across the four countries. This will be done through developing an inventory of proven technologies and best practices. In addition ASARECA will support the RCoEs to package/re-package and make available information about the proven technologies and best practices to the other countries

 

 

4.       Role in monitoring and evaluation

The key activities under this role will include supporting the RCoEs in development of a Performance Monitoring Plan (PMP) and ensuring that these are linked to ASARECA's performance framework and are FAAP complaint. ASARECA will also provide technical backstopping in M&E and managing for impact during EAAPP implementation.

 

 

5.       Policy harmonisation and advocacy: This role involves facilitation of the rationalization and harmonization of policies, procedures and regulations aimed at common standards in the participating countries. ASARECA through its Policy Analysis and Advocacy Programme (PAAP) will identify non- tariff barriers to the movement of seed and other agricultural products across national borders and facilitate a process by which the concerned countries will discuss and eventually harmonize the policies.

 

 

6.       Capacity building role: ASARECA will organise and facilitate regional training workshops in leadership and management for managers of RCoEs to equip them with the tools and skills that will make them more effective research managers, thereby enhancing the potential for the RCoEs to deliver the expected outputs. ASARECA will identify appropriate management literature for use in management training to be procured by the RCoEs and for distribution to the trainee managers for their continued learning.

 

 

7.       Training role: The RCoEs will be supported to packaging and re-packaging information on available technologies, innovations and/or best practices based on end users of the information packages.

 

 

8.       Management and Coordination: This refers to the operations of the EAAPP management mechanisms. ASARECA will report and account for the EAAPP resources it manages.

 

 

 

Project Funding Type

Governments of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia, with IDA/World Bank

 

Participating Countries

Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia

 

Participating  institutions and country locations

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ministry of Agriculture Ethiopia, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI); Ministry of Agriculture Kenya, Ministry of Livestock Development Kenya, Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives Tanzania, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) Uganda, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries Uganda.

 

Lead Institutions

 

NARO, KARI, EIAR, and Directorate of Research and Development Tanzania

 

Project Duration

 

6 Years

 

Starting Date

 

June 2009

 

Ending Date

 

February 2015

 

Source of funding

 

Governments of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia, with IDA/World Bank

 

Amount of funding

 

US$ 120 Million (US $ 1,970,917 to ASARECA for regional coordination activities)

Activities

publications (agriforum, annual and other reports)

Activity code

 

Old Activity Code

 

Goal

To enhance utilisation of information for regional agricultural R&D

Purpose

Enhanced communication of research outputs among targeted agricultural research and development (AR&D) stakeholders

Background/Rationale
The objective will be to ensure that ASARECA corporate publications are firmly based on user needs as identified in regular surveys, and confirm to the newly established branding and publications guidelines. The ICU will provide advice and support on publications policies and procedures to members of the ASARECA community. During this period, outputs include the publication of the corporate annual report and the revival of AgriForum newsletter, an ASARECA newsletter that has not been produced in the last five years, and other publications that feature ASARECA’s work. In addition, an ASARECA knowledge sharing framework will be put in place. This will ensure that ASARECA produces publications that are targeted, and more relevant to user needs.


Activity Funding Type

Direct

Participating countries

-

Participating Institutions and country location

ASARECA Secretariat

Lead Institution

 

Duration

3

Starting date

2008

Ending date

2011

Source of Funding

USAID/EA, WB-MDTF

Amount of Funding

182,140

Available

182,140

Shortfall

 

ict management and dissemination � establishment of an intranet

Activity code

 

Old Activity Code

 

Goal

To enhance utilisation of information for regional agricultural R&D

Purpose

Information and communication policies and practices for enhanced efficiency in the administration of human, financial, and physical resources.

Background/Rationale
An important goal of this activity will be to improve the "communication culture" within ASARECA. An expanded Intranet will be set up. The Intranet will carry not only management and administrative information, but also announcements, calendars, and reports of ASARECA events. It will provide access to the internal systems including, the PMIS, to constituents outside the secretariat premises and keep them updated on what is going on. It will provide for a ‘virtual office’.
This undertaking will institute procedures for the continuous assessment of ICT needs, acquisitions, support, maintenance, and replacement. It will identify those ICT-related functions best performed "in-house" by ASARECA staff and those best performed on an "outsourcing" basis.
The Intranet that is being set up at the Secretariat offices will be advanced by the increased Internet bandwidth that will soon be available in the ECA region. This is due to the coming of three undersea fibre optic cables that link the region to the global Internet backbone. The SEACOM, and TEAMs cables have already landed at the East African port of Mombassa. , The EASSY cable is expected to land in East Africa in the near future.

Activity Funding Type

Direct

Participating countries

,

Participating Institutions and country location

ASARECA Secretariat

Lead Institution

 

Duration

1

Starting date

2009

Ending date

2010

Source of Funding

WB-MDTF

Amount of Funding

24,000

Available

24,000

Shortfall

-

publicity/ media relations

Activity Code

-

Goal  

To enhance utilisation of information for regional agricultural R&D

Purpose

Increased visibility of ASARECA achievements with stakeholders valuing its role

Background/Rationale
ASARECA will be proactive in taking steps to increase its international and regional visibility. The ICU will be responsible for building the ASARECA image through contacts with the media, policymakers, politicians, and the general public. Its goal will be increased understanding of and support for what ASARECA does, how it does it, what it has achieved, and what its plans are.
ASARECA will develop a knowledge sharing framework that will guide its publicity/ media relations activities as well as the targeting and generation of its knowledge products. These include its publications and as well as short and targeted materials on topics of current agricultural research interest in the region. ASARECA will make deliberate efforts to provide publicity for its major events and activities. In the next period ASARECA will develop publicity guidelines and policy

Activity Funding Type

Direct

Participating countries

,

Participating Institutions and country location

ASARECA Secretariat

Lead Institution

 

Duration

3

Starting date

2008

Ending date

2011

Source of Funding

USAID/EA, WB-MDTF

Amount of Funding

 56,776

Available

56,776

Shortfall

 

website enhancement and maintenance

Activity code

 

Old Activity Code

 

Goal

To enhance utilisation of information for regional agricultural R&D

Purpose

Increased accessibility of agricultural information and knowledge

Background/Rationale
The ASARECA corporate website, http://www.asareca.org, is the public gateway to information about the organisation. In the previous year the organization wide website was redesigned to include a number of features. This included the introduction of interactive sections - Featured articles,   News and Frequently asked Questions (FAQs). Bringing to the foreground Databases and Other   resources;
With the corporate website completed, the next step is to design websites for the ASARECA Programmes and Units. The information/ content in the programme websites would be seamlessly aggregated at the organizational level.

Activity Funding Type

Direct

Participating countries

,

Participating Institutions and country location

ASARECA Secretariat

Lead Institution

 

Duration

3

Starting date

2008

Ending date

2011

Source of Funding

USAID/EA, WB-MDTF

Amount of Funding

 

Available

60,014

Shortfall

 


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